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Patron: HRH The Prince of Wales 

Officers and Committee from March 1999 

President: M.H. Rickard 

Vice-Presidents: J.H. Bouckley, A.R. Busby, Dr N J. Hards, Dr T.G. Walker, J.R. V 

Honorary General Secretary: Miss J.M. Ide 

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Treasurer: A. Leonard, 1 1 Victory Road, Portsmouth, Hants. POl 3DR 


Meetings Secretary: P.J. Acock, 1 3 Star Lane, St Mary Cray, Kent BR5 3LJ 

Editors of the Fern Gazette: Miss J.M. Camus & J.A. Crabbe 

Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD 


Editor of the Pteridologist: Prof. B. A. Thomas 

Department of Geography, University of Wales Lampeter, Lampeter, Ceredigu 

Fax: 01570 424714, E-mail: 

Editor of the Bulletin: Miss A.M. Paul 

Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD 


Editor ofBPS WWW Site: 

Committee: E.J. Baker, L. Kirkham, Miss R.J. Murphy, Mrs M.E. I 

M.S. Porter. R.N. Imiin, Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, B. Wright 
,ke 15 O '■ hics. PE9 1QQ 

Mr & Mrs B. Wright 

„0 Pnnce Rupert Dnve. Tockwith, York Y05 8PU 
Plant Exchange Organisers: Mr & Mrs R J. Smith 

184 Solihull Road. Shirley, Solihull, Warwicks. B90 3LG 
Booksales Organiser: S.J. Munyard, 234 Harold Road, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 5NG 
Merchandise Organiser: Mrs L.I. Craddock, 40 Russell Drive, Ampthill, Beds. MK45 2TX 
Trustees of Greenfield & Centenary Funds: M.H. Rickard, Miss J.M. Ide, A. Leonard 
in 1891 and today continues as a focus for 

ety business and meetm- rc P ..nV WWW site: ' 

is open to all interested in ferns and fem-alhes. SUBSCRIPTION RATES 

I bers i 15 Fen nal Men bo no i 



ok the G ^EN LIBRARY 

Vol. 5 1999 No. 4 


PRIDDY, NEAR WELLS, SOMERSET - 18-20 June Nick Hards 

Priddy is one of the four lead mining centres in the Meiulips. and \er\ hamh for main 
limestone sites as well as being close to the Somerset l.e\els Is therefore made an ideal 
centre for our meeting. The many old stone walls and buildings, together with a pond 
on the edge of the village, meant that we did not have to look very far for most o\ the 
ferns (see table). 

On Friday morning we headed into Wells, where the main attraction 
is the Adiantum capillus-vciwris. The mam attraction for anyone else is the Cathedral 
and Bishop's Palace. Since the Adiantum is abundant on the moat and walls of the 
palace, we were able to combine the two. It is not clear why such a rarity does so well 
here - it is said to be introduced but there are masses of plants in inccessible places 
where it can only have arrived as spores. It appears to prefer the more open and sunny 
parts of the walls, and only grows close to the water. 

We then visited Strawberry Wood on the edge of the town (31/558457), where 
Aspic iiium scolopendrium was particularly luxuriant on the lower slopes and Ptcridhnn 
aquilinum flourished on the upper edge. We also tried to get at the larger wooded area 
around King's Castle, but strayed on to the golf course. There should be a public 
bridleway, but we obviously weren't on it! 

After lunch in Wells we moved on to Ebbor Gorge (31/520485), which is a bit like 
Cheddar Gorge hut without all the people and ears. Hie usual route horn the carpark is 
straight down into the rocky areas, but I had an unconfirmed report o\ Hymenophxllim) 
tunbrigense which I wanted to follow up. The Culm Measures rocks hereabouts are a 
mixture of limesn me and sandstone, with more of the latter at higher levels, and that had 
to be where the record might have come from. The path upstream was very wet and a 
particularly boggy area \u -utile, but there was nothing remotely 

suitable for filmy ferns. The path then heads east along the top of the gorge but is 
difficult to find until it meets another path which plunges down into the gorge. This is 
a spectacular walk with plenty of ferns, although some quite extensive tree felling to let 
in more light has not improved their lot. 

Some of the party then returned to the centre, while the rest of us made a short detour 
to check out some Ophioghssum vulgatum which I had found a couple of years 
previously near Priddy Nine Barrows (31/539521). The heifers in the field were very 
friendly, especiall) when we got down to ground level, but the site did not look very 
hopeful at first. The field appeared to have been sprayed recently with some hormone 
weedkiller. However. Alison Paul's expertise came to the rescue and we eventually 

found a considerable number of very small plants which had escaped both the grazing 
and the weedkiller. Curiously, almost all the plants showed no sign of fertile spikes and 
this appeared to be how they were growing rather than a result of grazing or damage. 
On my previous visit the plants were larger but I saw no fertile spikes at all. 
Saturday morning was spent at Priddy Mineries (3 1/5475 15), where lead mining ceased 
in 1908 and which is now a Somerset Wildlife Trust reserve. Opposite the Stockhill 
Plantation car park there are a lot of spoil mounds which are still very base metal rich, 
and with very little soil cover Botrychiutn lunaria is abundant among the short grass. 
Although the vegetation has recovered since a fire in the peaty ground around the 
northern lake a few years ago, Ophioglossum vulgatum does not seem to have returned 
to its former site there. Apart from the remains of the sluice at the end of the lake, where 
we found our first Cystoptem fragilis, this very wet area is dominated by the larger 
ferns including Dryopteris carthusiana, and three horsetails. 

As we headed towards the mine workings, I was vaguely looking for Equisetum x 
litorale, for no better reason than that both parents were so abundant. Most of the party 
were admiring the Dactylorhiza spp. and other flowering plants when Alison drew our 
attention to some equisetums which had very odd stem sheaths with narrow scarious 
margins. The first internode on the branches was as long as the stem-sheath (unlike the 
abundant E. palustre), the teeth had black tips and the central stem cavity was very 
small. Some were also producing cones, and unlike E. arvense which has a very rough 
surface, droplets of water (there was plenty of that about!) did not cling to the stems. 
We concluded that this must be E. x rothmaleri. I took some material away and 
compared it with Chris Page's description in The Ferns of Britain and Ireland (1982 
edition), and everything seemed to fit including the main associate flora which is very 
similar to the type area. As we worked our way towards the mine workings I did also 
find some E. x litorale near one of the lakes, and we also found several clumps of 
Dryopteris x deweveri. 

Like many old lead mines, there is an enormously long flue running several hundred 
yards up the hillside. During the smelting process, sublimates including lead, arsenic 
and cadmium used to collect in these flues, so workers used to be sent in to scrape the 
walls. Needless to say, the life expectancy of these people was short! This flue has 
collapsed in several places and the interior walls are covered in the various lime loving 
ferns which are also common on the buildings and around the entrances to the adits of 
the mine. Asplenium adiantum-nigrum is abundant here but otherwise scarce in this part 
of Somerset. 

After lunch in Chewton Mendip, we moved on to Ubley Warren (31/505554), another 
lead mining centre. Before exploring that, however, we walked down Velvet Bottom to 
Black Rock. Velvet Bottom is again quite wet underfoot if you leave the path, and the 
horsetails again threatened to steal the show although there was no Equisetum fluviatile 
or E. x litorale. However, among the masses of male ferns there was one group of 
plants which caused considerable excitement and which we believe was probably 
Dryopteris x complexa. Black Rock is notable for what used to be a thriving colony of 
ium robertianum, which is generally very scarce in the South West. Sadly t 

only just about seems to be clinging on here and what few plants we saw looked rather 
mid be the consequent 
his wet summer will h 
i very good condition. 

; clinging on here and what few plants we s 
tressed. This could be the consequence of a series of dry years, so it will be interesting 
3 see whether this wet summer will help it to recover. All of the commoner ferns, by 

In Ubley Warren there was plenty of evidence of rabbits 

had quite a few plants of Ophrw apifcm (bee orchid), fhis area was the centre o\' the 

lead mining industn in Roman nines and the workings continued until 1885 when the 

Mendip Mining Co. ceased operations. The very disturbed areas of spoil could well 

contain Hotiw hnw; Imuiriti but we did not find an>. However, there are considerable 

areas of water worn limestone, and these yielded a ^zood assortment ol ferns including 

Polypodium nimhriawi. as well as main colourful flowering plants including lli\nn<\ 

serpyllum and f. 

The mine workings here pro\ 

repeatedly on itself). The more modern smelting technique has. on this sit,-, produced 

material does not appear to he as readiK colonised by pi, 

Sunday was planned as a complete contrast, being spent on the Somerset Levels. In the 
morning we visited Shapwick Heath (31/424413). This reserve is managed by English 
Nature, and is probably the classic site for both Osmunda regalis and Thelypteris 
ts of the former and vast carpets of the latter give some 

the high water level can now only be maintained by pumping. Also notable (when I 
stopped trying to photograph the dragonflies) was the considerable quantity of 
inch had been quite uncommon until now, and more plants of 
Dryopteris x deweveri. As we left, we became aware that we were being watched from 
across the road by a young fallow deer. 

Pteridophytes recorded during 


meeting, June 1999 






















E. fluviatile 




E. palustre 


E.x morale 



Botrychium lunaria 

mi vulgatum 


Adiantum cap.llus-veneris 


P. interjectum 



Pteridium aquilinum 



Thelypteris palustns 


A. ceterach 

A. ruta-muraria 




A. scolopendrium 


A. trichomanes 



Athyrium f.lix-femina 



Gymnocarpium robertianum 

Cystopteris fragilis 

Polystichum aculeatum 


P. setiferum 

iffinis agg. 

D. affin.s subsp. affinis 

P borreri 



D. carthusiana 


D. d.latata 



D. filix-mas 


D. x complexa 

D. x deweveri 

Lunch at Catcott was so good that we had difficulty in tearing ourselves awa\ to \isii 
Westhay Moor (31/457438), a site where peat working is gradual!) coming to an end 
and the Somerset Wildlife Trust are carrying out a major restoration programme. In the 
older part of the reserve we again saw large plants of Osmunda rrgalis. hut for me the 
real highlight was the sight of many young plants. I Ins is one place where the 
magnificent ro\al tern is staging a strong comeback, and the SWT are to be 

Altogether 17 members attended part or all of this meeting. I would particularly like to 
thank Jim Jams, who did much ol the preparatoiy work. Altogether we saw 2h species 
and probably four hybrids, the most surprising omissions being lilrrhnum spirant, 

Polxpot/imn vulture and Iajiiim mm trbnateia. 

ISLE OF MAN - 6-11 August Rob Cooke & Alison Paul 

Friday saw us embark for the Isle of Man (loM). Arriving somewhat early for the ferry. 

cliffs at Heysham, with both mature plants and sporelings present. On arrival at Port 
Erin on the IoM we planned the itinerary with the help of Dr Larch Garrad and Dr Liz 
Charter, and their advice was much appreciated. 

Our first stop on Saturday was Glen Mooar (24/304895). Here we found the common 
woodland ferns of the Island: Dryopteris dilatata, D. filix-mas, D. affinis subspp. 
affinis and borreri, Polystirhum sctifrrum. Athyrium filix-fcmina and Asplenium 
srolopendrium. Walls in the glen supported A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalent, 
A. ruta-muraria and Polypodiwu interjertum. As we explored further up the glen we 
found a few plants ol Orroph ris limbosprrma and sonic tim HU < hnum spirant as well 
as putative Dryopteris affinis subsp. cambrensis and D. x complexa. Bracken and 
Equisetum arxense were also recorded. 

At Glen Maye (24/230798) we were joined by Liz Charter and family, and a friend of 
theirs who was to be our guide. Exploration of the woods revealed no additional fern 
species, so we set off along the cliff path. After a vertiginous descent to sea level we 
found good colonies of maidenhair fern {Adiantum capillus-veneris) and sea 
spleenwort (Asplenium marinum) in sea caves (24/228807), although the largest sea 
cave was inaccessible due to an incoming tide. A further drive along the coast found us 
searching for more maidenhair fern in old mine shafts at Niarbyl (24/212775). 
fern was not seen here, hut * as found in a cave and we 

were rewarded with good views of choughs and grey seals. Before returning to Port Erin 
we travelled north to Peel Castle to admire the abundant sea spleenwort on the walls. 
I at West Baldwin Reservoir (24/359839). We 
in Colden Plantation, despite a thorough search. 
The conifers were dense and the location looked unsuitable, although there remained 
some doubt about the exact spot, with conflicting grid references from previous 
sightings (24/356842 or 24/359837). Patrick, using his GPS to guide him to the latter 
reference, found a more suitable habitat just as we were leaving, but still no sign of a 
filmy fern. However, a few plants of Osmunda regalis v 
of the reservoir and Poly podium vulgare on a bridge. 

After lunch Groudle Glen 
explored. In addition to the i 
woodland ferns so 
osmundas were found; they are likely 
to be relicts of Victorian planting. 
Next we visited Braddan Bridge 
(24/365769) where there is a good 
stand of Equisetum sylvaticum beside 
the old road and handsome plants of 
Asplenium trichomanes subsp. 
quadrivalens on the bridge itself. 

Patrick had obtained p 

ermission from 

Isle of Man Railways 

to look for the 

Adiantum capillus-vt 

?neris in the 

railway cutting 

at Oakhill 

(24/353736), so at a 

time when we 

were assured that the 1 

ast train would 

have run, we begai 

l our search. 

Eventually we found 

what we had 

come for, but there w 

ere no healthy 

fronds; the plants seemed to have been 

the victims of track 

spraying with 


More wooded glens were explored on Pat Acock beside Osmunda at Groudle Glen. 

Monday and after much searching we 
found Trichomanes gametophyte in 

some quantity in Dhoon Glen (24/457865). Despite searching hard in all the other 
suitable glens visited, this was the only time we saw it. Trichomanes speciosum is a 
new addition to the Manx flora. Dryopteris aemula and Polysticum setiferum were 
common here, and a single plant of P. aculeatum, noted by Patrick and Andrew 
Leonard on their reconnaissance visit the previous year, was re-found. More Dryopteris 
aemula was also seen in woods to the north-east near Port Cornaa (24/471886). 
In the afternoon we went north to the Curraghs (24/364946), an area of willow scrub 
with abundant Osmunda regalis and horsetails. The royal ferns were magnificent, both 
in size and quantity, almost forming thickets. Although Equisetum fluviatile, 
E. palustre and E. arvense were plentiful, no hybrids were seen. This area is a nature 
reserve of the Manx Trust, and well worth a visit; it is almost 'primeval' in character 

which help o 


interference, except for the boardwalks 

i to avoid getting I 
i Tuesday mo 

(24/397884). Despite an extensive search for 

of Huperzia selago were found, although Lxvopodium clavatum and 
recorded in the past. The slopes are heavily 
eally suitable clubmoss habitat. The only terns 
5ccii were a few stunted plants of Dryopteris dilatata and Blechnum spirant. The climb 
to the top was rewarded by distant views of the hills of Cumbria, Wales, Northern 
Ireland, Eire and Scotland. 

Diphasiastrum alpinum have als< 
grazed, and consequently grassy a 

Following an abortive hunt for beech fern in Tholt-y-Will Glen, we visited a slate 
quarry on South Barrule (24/269769) to see parsley fern (Cryptogramnia crispa) 
growing abundantly on the acidic slates. Just before her departure and the eclipse of the 
sun on Wednesday mommy Mimhi round ihe siirprisingK scarce .\\/>lcnium cctcnuh 
on a wall in Port Erin (24/195687). 

Although there were only three BPS members, joined by Liz Charter and family for part 
of the meeting, we had a very pleasant trip, and extend our thanks to Pat Acock for 
organising it. In total 30 taxa were recorded, the highlights of the trip being Dhoon Glen 
and The Curraghs. The records have been copied to Dr Liz Charter on the IoM. 

(Leader: Barry Wright) Barry Wright 

Sunday 18 September. Everyone rose on time to start the weekend despite some long 
journeys by the southerners, and the local brewery offerings. Apart from being the 
birth-place of Wensleydale cheese of Wallace and Grommit fame, Wensleydale is a 
wide and expansive dale with many nooks and crannies where ferns can still be found. 
Many of these are associated with deep gills and their waterfalls. It was almost billed as 
a weekend with waterfalls, but owing to the lack of recent rainfall it was more like a 
weekend with a drip. 

The first site was High Shaw (34/869918). We followed the path lined with 
Polypodium vulgare clothed dry-stone walls. Before crossing the bridge there was 
Cystoptehs fragilis along with a few plants of Polystichum aculeatum. The fern flora 
was abundant and diverse, with Dryopteris filix-mas, D. dilatata, Athyrium 
Oreopteris lim m spicant, Pteridium aquilinum and Asplenium 

scolopendrium. There were odd plants of Equisetum arvense and some Dryopteris 
qffinis which seemed to fit morphotype borreri best, although we did try to get one plant 
to fit morphotype robusta. 

Next stop, after a steam up the road, was High Shaw Quarry (34/869923). This is the 
only recorded station for Cryptogramma crispa. Other treats were to be found in the 
mining tunnels leading into the hillside. Here we found Cystopteris fragihs, Asplenium 
scolopendrium and a few plants of A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens. 
We then had to take the long way round to get to Hardraw Force - the highest single 
drop waterfall in England. The short cut involves a 35m shear drop. Here we saw the 
typical range of ferns: Polypodium vulgare, Polystichum aculeatum, Dryopteris filix- 
mas, D. dilatata, Athyrium filix-femina, Cystopteris fragilis and Asplenium 
scolopendrium, with some A. ruta-muraria on a wall and what was probably 
Dryopteris affinis morphotype borreri. Back to the pub for lunch before the next 
marathon up Cotterdale's West Beck. 

Cotterdale is a quiet dead-end valley at the head of Wensleydale. The beck runs through 
acidic sandstones and carboniferous limestones which produce the mixed fern flora we 
recorded. It started with the acidic flora at 34/827942 with Dryopteris dilatata, 
Blechnum spicant, Oreopteris limbosperma and Equisetum palustre. After picking up 
Pteridium aquilinum, Athyrium filix-femina and Equisetum arvense, along with 
Dryopteris affinis morphotype borreri, we came to a more calcareous cliff at 
34/826946. Here we saw more Athyrium filix-femina along with the typical wall ferns 
Cystopteris fragilis, Asplenium //■/« lioimiiK s subsp. quadrivalens and A. viride. There 
were very good plants of the green spleenwort growing in the dripping wet shales of this 
cliff. There were some birch trees on these cliffs and associated with them were 
Polypodium vulgare and Polystichum aculeatum. Another good cliff further up had an 
equal flora (34/825947). 

On the way up to the true limestones, and yet more waterfalls, there was a small 
waterfall (34/823953) supporting an unusually large colony of Phegopteris connectilis. 
This was a compulsory stop dubbed 'Beech Fern View'. 

The increasingly few adventurers pushed on to the first waterfall (34/822956) and then 
to the climax of the day. the second waterfall ai 34/821960, home to an indecently 
luxuriant colon> o! ' lu/uiscmm varic^atum. \ tank in the dill was dripping with water, 
out of the reach of sheep and covered in moss. The horsetail was growing through the 
moss and curving to stand upright like a miniature horsetail lawn. Well worth the 2.5km 
walk. The only problem was the walk hack across rough, tussocky grass. 
The evening was spent nursing wounds and sore muscles along with some learned 
discussions about Inbnd horsetails collected In Pal Acock - obviously from the same 
rootstock as Ken Trewren. But we couldn't quite agree that we had Etpiisctum 
x rotlmuderi. Microscopes were on hand to look at some of the bits we had brought back 
as well as some spores taken along to show that there are differences between species 
based on their spore character. 

Sunday 19 September. With the fine weather holding out. the da\ started in Gillfield 
or Condenser Wood (44/077916) - an allusion to the industrial, mining past of the area. 

limestone at the top. The ubiquitous Ptcndium aquduuim was first into the 'bag' 
followed by Dryopteris dilatata, D. filix-mas, Athyrium filix-femina and two 
morphotypes of Dryopteris affinis. vi/ aiiinis and honrri. These were found on the 
way in and around some of the old buildings in the lower part of the wood. The more 
able members followed the stream up to the base of the dam. On the way we saw 
Polystichun sating a calcareous nature 

to the underlying rocks. After meeting up with the rest of the party at the dam we all 
trekked up one of the very small streams entering the reservoir. Following a path, of 
sorts, we exited the valley to marvel at three or four specimens of Blechnum spirant 
clinging to life on the bare, disturbed soil on the banking. After a pleasant stroll through 
the wood we again split up, with the adventurers scrambling up to a limestone cliff 
supporting Po es subsp. quadrivalens and 

Cystopteris fragilis (44/077918). Back to the cars and off to the pub. The Wheatsheaf 
Inn, Carperby; the honeymoon hotel of the real-life James Herriot, Alf White. 
On the way to the final site we stopped off at 34/986898 to marvel at the luxuriant little 
lawns of Selaginella selaginoides. You do get funny looks from 'normal' folks when 
there are a group of apparently quite rational people kneeling down in a circle with their 
bottoms in the air taking photographs of grass! 

But, on to Askrigg and the last two waterfalls of the weekend. The first was in Mill Gill 
(34/938914) with a high cascade of water creating superb conditions for Pteridium 
aquilinum, Dryopteris fdix-mas, D. dilatata, Athyrium filix-temina. Poiypodium 
vulgare, Polystichum aculeatum, Asplenium scolopendrium and Cystopteris fragilis. If 
it wasn't so lime rich, it would be perfect for filmy ferns. On the way out of Mill Gill 
there was an old lime kiln supporting a drought-shrivelled colony of Asplenium 
trichonutiiL'\ subsp. quadrivalens. 

A short walk across fields to Whitfield Gill (34/934922) revealed the same mix of 
species as in Mill Gill, but with the addition of a few plants of Oreopteris limbosperma 
(34/934922). An old record for Asplenium adiantum-nigrum at the top of the force was 
not pursued. The enthusiasm had faded with the increased speed of the rain, and the 
descent to the top of the fall was looking treacherous. Back to the cars and a final 
record of A. ruta-muraria on the church wall. All together it had been a hard and 
hopefully enjoyable weekend. Only time will tell when the Leeds group will host its 
next national meeting, hopefully in Teesdale in 2002. See you then. 




The arrival of many members before 10.00 a.m. was the prelude to a very full and 
enjoyable day, being a combination of 'business' (the AGM) and 'pleasure' (the rest!). 
However (to be fair), the AGM also had much discussion of interest, always difficult to 
convey in 'formal' minutes. 

The programme for the day was quite varied, commencing with Clive Jermy's talk 
entitled 'The Geography and Ecology of Ferns of Britain and Ireland'. As I had hoped 
(and had originally suggested to Clive), the talk was a successor to his excellent article 
'Fern Recording and Monitoring' in the 1998 Pteridologist. The talk focused on the 
various activities that need to occur in order to produce the second edition of the Fern 
Atlas {Atlas of Ferns of the British Isles, BSBI & BPS, 1978). The objectives are:- 

• To revise the Fern Atlas, 

• To produce text on distribution, ecology and conservation, 

• To provide illustrations of selected species. 

Information technology techniques would be used to support the various initiatives, 
including additional web pages on the BPS site, the implementation of a fern 
distribution database and, perhaps in the longer term, the production of an interactive 
CD ROM. Clive described the relationship of this project with initiatives being 
undertaken by other bodies, then went on to provide a draft synopsis of the Atlas. As an 
example of regional overview content, a distribution map of Dryopteris aemula in 
Cornwall, produced by Rose Murphy, was shown. 
Posing the question "How can I help?", Clive described several areas requiring 

• The checking of old records (the 'open' circles on the maps!), 

• Searching for problem taxa, such as Cystopteris alpina, 

• Being on the lookout for hybrids of Equisetum, Dryopteris, Polystichum and 

• Seeking out the species of high conservation interest, e.g. Pilularia globulifera and 
Lycopodiella inundata, 

• The detailed mapping of the Dryopteris affinis aggregate. 

Clive then completed his talk with a selection of fine slides. The initial set showed the 
morphological differences between the three major D. affinis taxa now recognised. 
Particularly impressive were the close-ups of scales and sori. Seeing soral details at 
different stages of their seasonal development was something of a revelation. If funding 
could be found, the reproduction of such photographs in handbook format could be an 
invaluable field aid. Clive finished with a selection of slides of several fern allies, all in 
one way or another having conservation interest. 

Martin Rickard had 'volunteered' to run the next event, a fern quiz, which turned out to 
be quite a bit of fun! The quiz involved participants (most of us!) observing slides, and 
answering the associated questions | normally the identification of the specimen shown). 
Members of less than three years standing were deemed to be 'beginners', and thus 
permitted a less comprehensive response (i.e. the generic name of the fern would 
suffice). To give a flavour of the questions:- 

> recognised 

• A shot of a well grown specimen of Wbodwardia fimbriate 
one, few having been able to grow it to a respectable size' 

• A South African species of Schizaea nestling in grassy vegetation \ 
by quite a few people (much to the surprise of the quiz-master!), 

• The shots of British species such as Phegopteris comicctilis and Gxnmocarpium 
dryopteris were good likenesses, and gave little difficulty to most, 

• Neither of the two shots of Culcita macrocarpa in N. Spain showed its obvious 
characteristics, and proved problematical for most people, 

• An example of Homo sapiens in the form of Alison Paul, complete with epizooic 
grasshopper, proved rather easy! 

And it was Alison Paul who emerged as the overall winner. However, the fine prize of 
a sizeable Dicksonia antarctica donated by Martin Rickard was declined by Alison (not 
being flat compatible), and was presented to the runner up, Clive Jermy. The 'beginners' 
prize of vouchers for reduced BA air fares went to Stefan Czeladzinski. 

Paul, Martin Rickard, Clive Jermy. 

So far, so good, but we were over-running the programme time. Fortunately, 
proceedings righted themselves fairly easily, because only two of us had brought 
material for the 'Members' Slides' session! Andrew Leonard showed ferny shots of his 
recent visit to Sri Lanka. Graham Ackers showed scenery and fern slides taken during 
a visit in the autumn of 1998 to Mauritius. 

Apart from committee members, who were meeting, most people had the opportunity 
over the lunch period to look at the many 'goodies' on display. There were fern sales, 
managed by Patrick Acock - a selection of Selaginella species brought along by Stefan 

Czeladzinski being of particular interest. Merchandise sales were provided by the 
Craddocks and booksales by the Munyards. One of these days I will resist the book 
buying temptation, but such restraint did not happen at this meeting! There was also a 
fascinating display of fern memorabilia, including porcelain vases and plates, two 
copies of Bolton's Filices Britannicae, a New Zealand fern album, a set of fern cigarette 
cards, the collection of E.J. Lowe's medals, and pressed ferns from the University 
Herbarium. Also displayed was a large collection of British polypodiums in pots, ex 
University of London (Egham) and now owned by Reading University. 
Although AGMs can be difficult to enthuse about(!), I found this one to be very 
interesting, stimulating some good informed comment and debate from the floor. As a 
change from previous AGMs, Officers appointed to perform specific tasks gave their 
own reports, which provided a rather better insight into the various strands of the 
Society's activities. Martin Rickard ran the proceedings with his usual panache, and 
concluded by presenting the Stansfield Medal to Matt Busby for his outstanding 
services to the Society. The full proceedings are minuted elsewhere. 

Martin Rickard (right) 

presenting } 

t Busby with S 

( )nc 

consequence of a lively AGM is that it is likely to 
case, it doubled from one hour to two! Ironically, 

i over its allocated time - in 
• Secretary Jennifer Ide had 
) provide the one hour slot, and thus suffered 'at her own hand' in having 
to rush her presentation! This final session, 'Treasures of New Zealand', was a series of 
splendid slides taken during Jennifer's trip there early in 1998. After showing an 
epiphytic Pyrrosia, Jennifer went on to show many slides of Blechnum species, of 

which she had i 

special study. These were present in 

eluding high altitude Nothofagus forest and 

forest habitats, 

tropical forests in the North. 

Such forests contain New Zealand's most famous tree, the Kauri {faathis ausiralisi 
with its bizarre growth habit and appearance. By my count (from New Zealand funs 
by Brownsey and Smith-Dodsworth) there are 18 Blechnum species, and we were 
shown slides of at least half of these. Some are hairy, some vining. some swamp loving, 
and many have new fronds of a beautiful red colour. Pictures of many other species 
were shown, belonging to the genera Asplenium, Arthropteris. 
Hvinenophxllum. Hxpolepis, Leptopteris, Loxsoma. Lxcopodnon. Pellaea. 
Riiniohni. Trkhomanes, and the fascinating primitive epiphyte. Tntcsiptci 
also shown some of the Cyathea tree-ferns C. dealhata (the silver fern), C. t 
(which reaches above the tree canopy), and C. smithii (which grows below the tree 
canopy). Dickscmia squarrosa seems to have its old and new bands mixed together !'«> 
finish, we were shown a bizarre slide of Dicksonia fibrosa trunks being used for 
fencing, with fronds emerging from some of the fence posts! 

I would like to thank the many members who contributed to the meeting. The Plant 
Sciences building of the University of Reading proved an ideal venue with excellent 
facilities. Particular thanks are due to Paul Riple\ for arranging this \enue. and resident 
academic Dr Stephen Jury for being such a splendid host, attending to our every need! 
M\ impression was that everyone had enjoyed the day. and so the format might become 
a suitable one to replicate at future Spring/AGM meetings. 


This year, the topic of this traditional annual meeting at Kew was furniture and 
memorials! Jennifer Ide is researching furniture made by cabinet makers Anton Seuffert 
and his son William. Anton, a Bohemian, had immigrated to New Zealand in the mid- 
1 800s. On arrival, he quickly established himself as a cabinet maker of exceptional 
talent and over a number of years was commissioned to make several bonheurs-du-jour 
as presentation gifts to people such as Archbishop Selwyn, Queen Victoria and Joseph 
Hooker, all of whom had made significant contributions to New Zealand's development 
in the early years of colonisation. The decoration of their work with scenes and the flora 
and fauna of New Zealand, all inlaid in NZ veneers, frequently features ferns, and in a 
few pieces they dominate the decoration. All are portrayed with such exquisite accuracy 
that, in most cases, they can be identified. At least 16 ferns feature on a desk made by 
William and presented to Major-General Baden-Powell for his achievements at the 
siege of Mafeking in the Anglo-Boer War, and approximately 36 on a dining table made 
for an international exhibition in 1886, probably by Anton. Jennifer finished her 
presentation by showing slides of other items made by the Seufferts. Particularly 
well known to pteridophiles are the inlaid covers for albums of pressed New Zealand 

After lunch, we were privileged to see the dining table before going to St Anne's church 
: Reverend Peter McCrory. greeted us. He gave us a 
i history of the church and to its architecture, before 
: memorial to William Jackson Hooker, the first 
Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens and a regular worshipper at the church. The 
marble memorial is decorated with plaques of Wedgwood jasperware featuring sprays 
of fern fronds surrounding a medallion of the head of Hooker; a most fitting memorial 
as he had established a world reputation as a pteridologist, and had written the first 
world conspectus of ferns. S- m>p\i\ F „ tm lennifer described the commissioning and 
problems encountered in the manufacture of the memorial, illustrating her account with 

from letters by William Hooker's son, Joseph, who commissioned the 
(and, incidentally, followed his father as Director of the Gardens), Reginald 
Joseph's cousin and sculptor of the fern plaques, and Geoffrey Wedgwood, 
left to identify the ferns on the memorial for themselves and to 

ank the Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens for permission to see 
he Reverend Peter McCrory for the interest and time he gave to our 
, and Peter Edwards who kindly made the domestic arrangements for 
s meeting. 


Saville Gardens are amongst Britain's finest, and a BPS visit was long overdue. On a 
cloudy but dry morning, Lyn Randall, Superintendent of the Gardens, and our guide, 
gave us a short history and account of the gardens. Contained within its 40 acres there 
are around 16,000 different plant species and cultivars (needless to say, not all of these 
are ferns!). The Gardens own nine NCCPG National Collections, one being a general 
collection of ferns. The soil is light and sandy, which proves quite a challenge when the 
rainfall in the area only averages 23 inches per year. One consequence of this is that 
some large trees are being lost gradually through a cumulative drought effect. Like 
many others in the south-east, Saville Gardens also losl many trees in the 1987 storm, 
but seized the opportunity to plant a new and more varied tree area. 
In general, the fern interest in the Gardens lies in four areas - waterside habitats, the 
peat beds, the Queen Elizabeth Temperate House and the woodland area. 
The fine stands of Osmunda regalis make impressive waterside features, displaying (as 
Lyn pointed out) wonderful croziers in spring, fine fertile and vegetative foliage in 
summer, and autumn colour. Royal fern cultivars are well represented too. Onoclea 
as behaved in its usual rampant way in the wet conditions, but looked good 

The peat beds are planted with choice shade loving plants such as arisaemas, trilliums, 
collection of polypodiums, and a small group 
an easy fern, even under more closeted 

The Queen Elizabeth Temperate House was built in 1995 to include some innovative 
features. Architecturally, it is decidedly 'modern', but possesses aesthetic qualities 
given by its large single sloping root", elevated walkway, .is sloping terrain and 
adventurous layout. The environmental management regime is to allow as much fresh 
air in as possible, with heating only coming on when the temperature drops to 4°C. As 
'" * h i atmosphere is 'bouncy', favouring ferns of more open habitats (rather than 

rainforest species). However. 


. Dkksonia, etc. There i 

ckets are present. 1 here is a guuu 
ome Dennstaedtiaceae. Drxopteris. 

D. intermedia subsp. azorica and found only on Pico, Azores. 

The woodland area is a maze of small paths amongst trees and many Rhododendron 

taxa, and discovering ferns there can be a little hit or miss. Fortunately, Lyn knew the 

locations of the ferns most likely to be of interest to our group and guided us around 
very skilfully. We saw a number of Dryopteris species (many provided by Christopher 
Fraser-Jenkins), many of which are uncommon in cultivation. However, they are 
obviously hardy here, the main cultivation challenge being to provide sufficient water. 
Particularly striking was Dryopteris formosana from Japan/Taiwan, with its markedly 
triangular frond shape and very long basal basiscopic pinnae. Dryopteris from NE 
United States were well represented, as were European examples (some stands of 
Dryopteris affinis agg. provided the usual excuse for heated debate!). 
At the end of a long and enjoyable morning, with the sun increasingly shilling through, 
we dispersed. Thanks are due to Lyn Randall who did a splendid job as our guide, being 
very patient whilst many of our group deliberated at great lengths over the merits of the 
plants! The afternoon was free for people to continue their explorations of these 

Following the meeting, Lyn kindly provided me with a list of the ferns grown in the 
Gardens. This runs to some 360 taxa (species, hybrids and varieties). Any member so 

wishing is welcome to eoimiet me tor a copy. 

Graham Ackers 


17 July 

Class 1 - One Pot Fern (any kind or variety) 

1st Mr L. Kirkham, 2nd Mr PJ. Acock, 3rd Mr P.J. Acock (3 entries) 
Class 2 - Three Pot Ferns (any kind or variety) 

1st Mr L. Kirkham (1 entry) 
Class 3 - One Pot Equisetum (any kind or variety) 

1st Mr P.J. Acock, 2nd Mr P.J. Acock, 3rd Mr P.J. Acock (6 entries) 
Class 4 - One Pot Aquatic Fern (Azolla, Salvinia or Marsilea only) 

1st Mr P. J. Acock (1 entry) 
Non-competitive Classes: 

Class 5 - A Culture of Prothalli in a container (no entries) 
Class 6 - Ferny Miscellany (books, ceramics, art etc.) (no entries) 

; exhibitor accumulating the most points overall. 

I was extremely disappointed with the attendance for this year's meeting. It really does 
raise the question: What do members want from Society meetings? The meeting 
provided an opportunity for members to meet at a central and very pleasant venue, 
ample free car hments, a fern show, a visit to a very interesting fern 

I am obliged to Lawrence Kirkham for the following report: 

Some sixteen members attended the fourth Midlands Fern Show. A poor turnout in 
comparison to previous shows when it was twice this figure. It was quite surprising 
considering the treats that were on offer to the fern enthusiast. 

A bring-and-buy plant sale, organised by me, raised some £20 towards offsetting the 
cost of the show, and itself generated much conversation and a chance for new members 
to take home some 'goodies'. 

During the morning, we visited Matt Busby's garden. The garden had been undergoing 
changes this year with tree removal and heavy pruning of climbers to let in more light. 
Mart's National Collection of Osmunda was looking particularly resplendent and his 
cultivars of Asplenium scolopendrium were very pleasing to the eye. One or two 
borders are in the process of renewal so the garden had a fresh new air about it. Special 
mention must be made about a fern which caught my eye: Polystichum setiferum 'Mrs 
Goffey', sporting very finely divided fronds. Surely it must rank as one of the top ten 
soft shield fern cultivars. 

While the fern classes were being judged, the meeting was entertained and educated by 
an illustrated talk entitled 'The Best of the West' presented by Sue and Harry Olsen of 
Washington State, USA. 

Sue explained that Washington State is a high rainfall area with very little frost and, 
apart from on the higher ground, very little snowfall. So many ferns were illustrated and 
discussed and even a British cultivar identified! Topics of conversation on various 
slides ranged from problems with late spring frosts, to seeing Polypodium glycyrrhiza 
as an epiphyte on species of maple. Of particular interest were shared problems; it 
seems that American slugs devour Arachniodes simplicior with as great a relish as do 
ours! Several specific areas were mentioned, including Henry's Plant Farm where ferns 
are produced in large quantities for the American market. In the Olympic Peninsular, 
where many of the 100 ferns native to the State of Washington luxuriate in the 
temperate rainforest, selaginellas grow on trees, with Polypodium glycyrrhiza nestling 
amongst them. Many gardens were featured including the Belle Botanic Garden, a 
definite stop-off for any future visit by the BPS; Sue and Harry have a long treasured 
desire to host a Society visit. 

A.R. Busby (& L. Kirkham) 

We have become used I 

nteresting meetings at The Natural History Museum but 

nothing could have prepared us for the treat in store for us on this occasion. The team 
pulled out all the stops for an extremely full programme. It was difficult to move people 
rrom one session to the next because they just wanted to linger and find out more. 

Museum by Josephine Camus who had our 
> the Cryptogamic Herbarium where we were 
given our programme for the day as well as an introductory talk. We were split into two 
groups and then worked our way through four 70-75 minute sessions. 
Fred Rumsey started our group off on problems of identification. First Fred put the 
British ferns in context with the fern flora of Europe and then of the World. Although 
we have less than half the ferns of the Continent, both genera and families are well 
represented. A range of Dryopteris fronds were on display to show some of the 
problems of identification and classification on gross morphological grounds. However, 
nowadays another tier of tools is available to help sort out relationships and to confirm 
ypotheses; we were to learn more about these in the afternoon. 

Alison Paul introduced us to curation. She showed us a huge bound fern volume, one of 
over three hundred volumes from Sir Hans Sloane's herbarium which laid the 
foundations for the Museum's botanical collections. Many other collections from 
notable botanists and pteridologists such as Sir Joseph Banks, John Smith and Carl 
Christensen have been purchased or acquired over the years bringing the collection to 
its present size of five and a half to six million specimens, of which about a quarter of 
a million are ferns. Alison told us how the sheets had been preserved from pests in the 
past using chemicals such as mercuric chloride and naphthalene; today's freezing 
treatment is more user-friendly! She also explained how the fern herbarium is arranged 
and accounted for the bias in the collections: historically many plants came from the 
colonies whereas nowadays acquisitions tend to reflect the floras being worked on. She 
then talked about modern curatorial methods, including databasing of specimens and 
how some of the historic sheets are being scanned to provide a virtual herbarium of 
digital images, some of which can be seen on the Museum's Web site. 
After lunch, Fred Rumsey and Sally Henderson showed us some of the techniques 
available to look both at closely related ferns and those that are morphological I \ similar 

then used the classic Irene Manton squash technique to prepare a slide to show the 
chromosomes which we were able to see on the monitor. We also looked at the spores 
of Asplenium adiantum-nigrwn and hybrids to see the difference between the aborted 
and fertile spores. We then went upstairs to the East Tower where Sally showed us 
computer images of 'snippets' of DNA and discussed how she uses this technique to 
confirm relationships between plants and also to show whether ferns from different 
geographical locations are exactly the same, or whether over the course of time they 
have diverged slightly. 

Josephine Camus and Malcolm Beasley took us into the Botany Library Special 
Collections Room where Malcolm explained that the library contained not only forty 
thousand monographs but also collections of art work. Downstairs they had arranged a 
collection of modern fern books, theses and journals. Upstairs were laid out an 
outstanding collection of fern drawings and antiquarian books, each with a caption by 
Josephine telling the significance of that work. The display started with a copy of De 
Causis Plantarum written in the first century BC by Theophrastus, the father of botany 
and a disciple of Aristotle, in which he praised the medicinal properties of ferns. We 
progressed through time and many beautifully illustrated books until we reached "our 
own' Charles Druery's Choice British Ferns. As well as the books, Malcolm had 
displayed many illustrations of ferns including several from Cook's historic journey of 
discovery to Australia. Back downstairs we surfed the net for fern subjects and looked 
through the computer catalogue of the Museum's works. 
We would like to thank all the organisers of the day who had worked so hard in 

down to the finest detail. The only regret is that more 

s of this superb day. 

Pat Acock 



Forge Valley, North York Moors - 26 June Barry Wright 

(Leaders: Chris Wilson & Ken Trewren) 

We were fortunate to coincide this meeting with one of Ken Trewren 's home visits. 
Chris Wilson, a local farmer, is a keen local botanist and familiar with many good fern 
sites in the area. We started our studies on Chris's farm (Thorn Park Farm) where he 
took us to see one of the few local stands of Dryopteris carthusiana (44/988886). We 
also saw D. dilatata, D.filix-mas, Athyrium filix-femina and Equisetum palustre . 

Thorn Park Farm 
- hiddt /). Chris Wilson, Ian Oglesby, Eily Ruston, Betsy I 

I Les Lyon, Pat Cole, Ken Trewren and Ron 

Cole looking c 

From here we drove a short distance to the western side of the valley at 44/981874, 
where we walked through shoulder high stands of Equisetum telmateia with the usual 
mixture of Dryopteris dilatata, D. fdix-mas and Athyrium filix-femina. A short distance 
from the track and part way up the side of the valley we found Polystichum setiferum, 
P. aculeatum and the hybrid P. x bicknellii. Also found were some plants of Asplenium 
scolopendrium along with two 'sorts' of Dryopteris affinis, assessed by Ken Trewren to 
be morphotypes insolens and borreri. 

On our way to the next site we called in for lunch at the Everley Arms. Fully refreshed, 
we went off to look at another Polystichum x bicknellii site at Northfield Wood 
(44/981909). On this occasion, one of the parents was not close by. There were plenty 
of Polystichum aculeatum plants, but the P. setiferum was some way further up this 
steep-sided, wooded gill. Also in the wood were more Asplenium scolopendrium, 
i femina, Dryopteris dilatata, D. filix-mas and Blechnum spicant. Another 
Dryopteris affinis caught Ken's eye; he convinced us it was morphotype robusta. Back 
at the spot where we had parked (44/988917) there was morphotype affinis. 

En route to our final site Ken stopped in a car park at the top of I hill hoping to see 
some Polypodium x mantoniae at 44/962945. Unfortunately, we were too early in the 
year to use the sorus characteristics needed to be certain of seeing the hybrid. There 
were good colonies of Polypodium vulgare, more Blechnum spirant. Pteridium 
aquilinum and Oreopteris limbosperma. Our last stop was at the only recorded location 
for Osmunda regalis in the North York Moors (44/969964). There were several large 
plants of the royal fern in a very boggy bit of woodland which also supported 
Equisetum arvense and E. fluviatile. Ever wishful. Ken \ 
hybrids in the population - Equisetum x litorale. On this o 
convinced. Perhaps another time! We were more generous v 
Pteridium aquilinum, Dryopteris dilatata and Blechnum spirant. 
The day was rounded off with a trip to the tea room of the woods o\v tier. John Simpson. 
He is a farmer/hotelier who encourages and promotes his farm walks and is well aware 
of the special fern he takes care of. Thanks to John, Chris and Ken for a very full and 
I day. 

Roche Abbey, Maltby, South Yorkshire - 10 July Paul Ruston 

(Leader: Paul Ruston) 

Roche Abbey was a monastery of the Cistercian order founded in 1147. and it 
functioned as such until its dissolution in 1538. The ruins, not withstanding the 
modification by a certain Mr C. Brown during the latter part of the 1 8th century, are 
said to rank in importance with the finest early Gothic architecture in the north of 
England. The Abbey sits snugly at the confluence of two narrow valleys, and is 
overlooked by outcrops and escarpments of magnesian limestone that support a 
vegetation of yew, ash and ivy. We were to look at Kings Wood and Grange Wood, 
both SSSIs under the care of English Nature. The woodlands and Abbey form part of 
the estate of Lord and Lady Scarborough by whom permission to enter had been 

A very warm and sunny morning greeted the nine members who congregated at the Old 
Gate House (43/542899). Some excellent and interesting ferns were duly exchanged 
between members, half the proceeds contributing to Society funds. On the walls of the 
Old Gate House we noticed Asplenium ruta-muraria and one poor A. scolopendrium. 
The ornithologists amongst us where delighted to see a buzzard soaring majestically 
above the woodlands; a good omen maybe? We entered Kings Wood and followed an 
old hollow track, passing by an ancient and rather large lime tree. Shortly we came to 
an outcrop of rock supporting a gnarled and contorted old yew tree and several 
specimens of Polystichum x bicknellii (43/544895); their identification was latterly 
confirmed by Ken Trewren. We traversed the wood, encountering a few plants of 
Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris dilatata, D. fili.x-mas and a very curious looking 
D. affinis (43/546888). Pteridium aquilinum was also found, in small quantity. Guelder 
rose {Viburnum opulus) was also noticed in this area, along with thick carpets of dog's 
mercury (Mercurialis perennis). On the way back to the Gate House Polystichum 
aculeatum was seen growing upon a steep, shady east-facing slope (43/541893). Three 
of us went to look for equisetums at the top pond marked on the map, which 
unfortunately turned out to be a dried up nettle bed. The bottom pond was extremely 
boggy, with thickets of willows and water forget-me-not (Myosotis scorpioides) along 
the water's edge, but not a single Equisetum. But all was not lost, Equisetum arvense 
was duly found by the path close to where we had previously entered the wood. 

After a very delicious and well earned pub lunch we re-assembled at the Old Gate 
House to tackle Grange Wood; the east-facing escarpment which had looked on a 
previous visit to be promisingly ferny, was now, due to the rank vegetation - of a 
stinging nature - impossible to reach. We pressed on up a steep rocky incline, stopping 
to examine some very variable looking Polystichum aculeatum (43/542897), or were 
they P. x bicknellii? After a short scramble through very wicked and tortuously clinging 
brambles, we came across a magnificent specimen of what we thought must be an 
extremely robust type of Dryopteris affinis (43/542975) with very foliose fronds 
approximately 1.5m in length and a thick, scaly basal stipe. This was later confirmed by 
Ken Trewren to be Dryopteris x complexa. Further searching through very tenacious 
ground cover was, fern-wise, unrewarding, but an area of old hazel coppice with ground 
flora of primulas and lily-of-the-valley (Convallaria majalis) did, as pointed out 
by Barry Wright, show that we were indeed privileged to have been about in what is 
probably very ancient woodland. The day concluded with the team retiring battle 
scarred and weary, but hopefully contented. 

Bilton Gorge, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire - 17 July Barry Wright 

(Leader: Jack Bouckley) 

This extra visit to Bilton was slotted in by Jack through his contacts with the 
conservation volunteers looking after this ancient woodland site. We were co-opted to 
help with their mapping project for the whole wood. We did parts of these woods in 
1996. This year we went into unexplored territory. We covered the northern and 
southern sides of the river east of the car park at 44/330584. In the morning we did the 
recent plantation woodland on the northern side and found a moderately rich fern flora 
of Pteridium aquilinum, Dryopteris filix-mas, D. dilatata, Athyrium filix-femina, 
Eqmsetum telmateia and Polystichum aculeatum. There were some small rock-faces 
with Asplenium ruta-muraria and A. scolopendrium and also some Dryopteris affinis 
morphotype borreri or possibly insolens. 

After a picnic by the bridge we set off along the southern side. Heading eastwards we 
soon left the footpath and followed the river (44/333576), making excursions further 
afield to look for anything other than the common stuff we had seen in the morning. We 
saw the standard Pteridium aquilinum, Dryopteris filix-mas, D. dilatata and Athyrium 
fihx-femina. But we also saw odd plants of Blechnum spicant, Asplenium 
scolopendrium, Polypodium vulgare and Polystichum aculeatum. There was much 
excitement at finding a larger colony of Equisetum telmateia than we had seen in the 
morning. This was superbly lit by the afternoon sun shining in through the trees. What 
a time to realise that my spare film was in fact an exposed roll that I had forgotten to 
replace with a fresh one!! It was positively primeval in there. The other vegetation 
pointed distinctly to the fact that this was a more ancient woodland site than the 
northern bank. Ken showed us a convincing Dryopteris affinis morphotype borreri and 
tried hard to convince us of an undocumented morphotype. Nice plant, but... 
After a long scramble back, paying homage to the small colonies of Equisetum 
hyemale, we found Jack relaxing in the shade. Thanks Jack! 

Askham Bog, York - 14 August Barry Wright 

(Leader: Jack Bouckley) 

«^ a " nUal , eaSy .° ne ' Was a tri P to the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust's reserve at Askham 
' raised valley mires left in the area, it is almost totally covered in 
separates two halves of a golf course. 

i woodland and 

After a quick plant sale w 
Dryopteris dilatata and , 
Dryopteris fili.x-mas. There 
small specimens of Thelypterh 
% of both, 

Askham Bog 

Paul Ruston, Julia Wilkins, Bob Adams (back), Betsy Kohler, Ron Cole and Jack Bouckley 
looking at Thetypteris palustris. 

There was also a small colony of Azolla filiculoides in one of the many ditches crossing 
the site. On the way back we engaged in conversation with some men having their 'good 
walk spoiled' by trying to hit a poor defenceless ball into a hole no bigger than a decent- 
sized tea mug. Speaking of tea, next stop the pub for lunch after a quick look at Near 
Wood and sampling some of the apples growing on the railway embankment. 
After lunch we went to the dead centre of York (sorry, poor joke). The York cemeter\ 
(44/609508) is now home to a growing collection of ferns and we were shown the 

progress so far. Jack, Julia Wilkins anc 

1 James Merryweather are the driving force 

behind this rewarding venture to bring 

a bit of life to the place (sorry, another bad 

joke). There were some instances whi 

sre headstones were decorated with ferns, 

although the most popular motif was ivy. 

In addition to the planted ferns the naturalised 

specimens were mainly Dryopteris filix- 

mas. Some of these had an unusual upright 

habit; it was not clear if this was a variet; 

al character or the result of having to grow in 

tall grass. 

s a recollection that one of the famous Backhouse family i 
cemetery. Jack and James will hopefully pursue this and 
; the fernery to their memory. 


The SE Group was well out of its normal boundaries when it met at Danesbury Park 
(52/233168), an old Georgian Manor House just north of Welwyn Village, to look at the 
remains of a once great Victorian fernery. Pat Watt, a local botanist, her husband 
and her friend Stella were our hosts for the day. We walked up a trackway towards the 
house past an unimproved meadow. The verge had a magnificent collection of flowers 
in it including the woolly thistle Cirsium eriophorum. 

We turned off before the house to look at the ruins of the old fernery and to hear the tale 
of its sad demise. A father had started it in the late 1860s and his son (only recently 
deceased) had kept it going until his ill health had led to the decline of the garden. In its 
hey-day it had some of the original clones of the choicest fern varieties of the day and 
many of these had been kept alive until quite recently. 

The fernery was completely artificial and on a grand scale. It consisted of a large hole 
in the ground shaded by trees and protected by a deer fence and hedge. Into this a large 
rockery was constructed of pulhamite stone, cast in situ by the firm of Pulhams. 
Through three generations they have specialised in these large garden constructions, the 
most famous of which is probably the rockery at Wisley. The last Pulham involved with 
the firm was almost certainly the Pulham who assisted Jimmy Dyce rebuild the Society 
after the Second World War. The site relied entirely on pumped water and tending and 
so fell into a rapid decline when the last owner became too old to tend it. Sadly, we 
could find no a trace of a fern, not even bracken. 

From the fernery we were taken to a wild meadow in front of the house to look for 
Ophioglossum vulgatum; most of the group found their own clumps. 
After dinner at The Red Lion public house on the old Al (52/224141), we visited 
Sherrardspark Wood across the road. Here we were treated to some common ferns 
growing well, including Blechnum spicant which is not very common in Hertfordshire, 
and Athyrium fdix-femina in the deepest, dampest part of the wood. 

Sellindge Woods and Folkestone Warren, Kent - 24 July Patrick Acock 

We had been asked by Melanie Wrigley of the White Cliffs Countryside Project if we 
could look at some of these East Kent woods. Thus, on a very hot summer's day six SE 
members met a colleague of Melanie, Nick Johannson and his French exchange 
student, Baptiste, by Gibbin's Brook (61/115385) in Sellindge Woods. Unfortunately 
we were a great deal further east than usual which probably accounted for the low 

uiDDin s Brook turned out to be a fascinating area of bog, even though it was veiy 
much drier than usual for the time of year. Besides a much drier oak strip there were 
two other tree encroachment areas: on one side there was goat willow and on the other 
alder. As we entered from the lane, crossing the stream half way along the reserve, we 
were rewarded with no less than three horsetails: Equisetum arvense. E. palustre and 
E.fluviatile. In the oak wood, besides Pteridium aqudinum, we saw Dryopteris dilatata 
and D. carthusiana but surprisingly no D. filix-mas. Downstream towards the end of 
the wood Athyrium fdix-femina was found, its size increasing with the increasing 
dampness. We were amazed to see how well the Dryopteris carthusiana grew, even out 


in the cleared areas of bogland. Across the road was a much wetter area gi\ ing u a> to 
an area of wet meadows with another fascinating collection of plants. Gradually 
Equisetum fluviatile and E. palustre gave way to other plants such as hemp agrimony 
and in the drier ai wex hirta. 

Only a short descent down The Whitecliffs (61/253382) we espied the purpose of our 
mission, Asplenium scolopendrium. Out came the tape measures. It's strange how the 
eye is deceived by form. On innumerable occasions we thought we had a record breaker 
only to find it was six inches off the pace. Jill Clare had one to equal the record only to 
lose it when we sort to confirm it. After half an hour Peter Clare called me over to look 
at a real beauty. We knew without measuring it that it was a winner, but by how far? 
The tape measure proved it to be 3ft 77»ins, a full six inches bigger than last year's. If 
you have not seen the hart's tongues at The Warren you just have not seen hart's 

Besides Asplenium scolopendrum we saw Polystichum setiferum, Dryopteris fdix-mas 
and some very handsome D. affinis subsp. borreri. And yes, I must admit that I did 
drink three mugs of hot tea when we got back to the cliff top cafe with the temperature 
close to 80°F! 

Groombridge, Kent/East Sussex - 5 September Paul Ripley 

Eleven members met on a pleasantly warm day at Groombridge, near Tunbridge Wells. 
We were pleased to welcome John and Sue Bocock, joining us for the first time. 
We first drove the short distance to Balls Green Station on the now defunct Tunbridge 
Wells to Forest Row line (51/488365) and walked west along the track, now a path. A 
circular walk took us past Bleclvwm spii ant. Polypodium vulgar* (less common down 
here than P. interjectum), Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris fdix-mas and D. dilatata. 
On a bridge over the infant River Medway we saw Asplenium trichomanes and 
A. scolopendrium. Our target was the Cystopteris fragilis which grows under the old 
station platform. This was pleasingly abundant although gradually declining due to the 
overgrowth of ivy. 

After lunch at The Crown, Groombridge (recommended), we walked the short distance 
to Groombridge Place. Originally a mediaeval moated manor, it now offers 
entertainment for the whole family in extensive grounds. We were lucky to escape the 
attentions of assorted barons and archers, ostensibly fighting on behalf of Richard the 
Lionheart (although it is rumoured that he is dead...). 

Although we were disappointed that our original venue, Ausferns, had had to be 
postponed, we were not disappointed by this visit. On old walls, and planted 
occasionally elsewhere, we found Asplenium scolopendrium, and in the woods we saw 
Blechmtm spicant. Athyrium filix-femina. Dryopteris fdix-mas and D. dilatata. 
However, we also found D. carthusiana commonly, and two fine adjacent specimens of 
D. affinis, subspp. borreri and affinis. Our appetite for tree-ferns was fully satisfied in 
the 'Tree Fern Valley'. Many fine specimens of Dicksonia antarctica had been 
attractively planted here. Some were 20 feet tall, and we were intrigued to see Rumohra 


adiantiformis growing epiphytically on some of the trunks. Irrigation is supplied via 
small plastic tubes to the crowns, but presumably these plants are hardy in this 
somewhat sheltered wooded valley. A Dicksonia nursery under and outside polythene 
tunnels was seen in a (private) walled area and some ferns were on sale in the shop. 
Further down the attractively landscaped, stream-fed valley, Polystichum species, 
Matteuccia and Athyrium otophomm had been planted. Groombridge Place is 
somewhere to be revisited, although preferably with children, and well-armed! Our day 
finished under threat of a thunderstorm with the obligatory tea and excellent ice-cream. 

End of Season Meeting, Farningham, Kent - 16 October Patrick Acock 

Around ten members met up at The Lion', Farningham (51/546671) to examine the 
walls of the millrace opposite, courtesy of the new owner, Mr Nigel Snelling-Colyer. 
We had gone to look at an alien fern as well as the millrace, a rarity in itself. The alien 
was Pteris cretica which was noted in the Kent Flora (Philp 1982). The plant was in the 
middle of the millrace on the far side. Of perhaps greater significance were probably 
the three reasonable colonies of Adiantum capillus-veneris. Howard Matthews had his 
1998 BSBINews to check that I had not delivered another alien (i.e. A. raddianum) but 
I had checked the plant last year. I also knew that in Victorian times there had been an 
extensive colony of A. capillus-veneris in neighbouring Crockenhill (Philp 1982), so 
thought that the plant could have come from there. We were also shown around the old 
gardens, and saw another Pteris cretica, as well as Dryopteris filix-mas, Asplenium 
ruta-muraria and A. scolopendrium. 

A short distance away in Farningham Woods (5 1/545679), Howard really came into his 
own, adding Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris carthusiana and D. affinis subspp. 
i setiferum, Dryopteris filix-mas and D. dilatata 

We then journeyed to our secretary, Jennifer Ide's garden in Eltham. Jennifer has 
recently revamped the garden to allow her mother greater access and to make it more 
manageable. There are more areas available for ferns and these were growing more 
strongly in their new conditions. There were many water ferns, horsetails, exotic 
hardies and a nice Dicksonia antarctica amongst the collection of British ferns and 
varieties. Two friends of Jennifer who had accompanied her during the day helped with 
tea which consisted of magnificent sandwiches and a whole range of home-made cakes; 
it really is amazing that more members do not support these gatherings - the tea alone 
is worth coming for! After tea Howard showed some fern slides from his summer 
exploits, and Paul and I showed slides from the GEP meeting in Bavaria. Then Peter 
Clare continued to astound us. At the millrace he had taught us all about fish, in the 
woods we had learnt about flint knapping and now we had a fantastic tour of the skies. 
We would like to thank Jennifer and her two friends for being such good hosts. 

Philp, E.G. (1982) Atlas of the Kent Flora p.10. 
Rumsey, F.J. (1998) Adiantum raddianum Presl in London. BSBINews No.78 p.60. 


Indoor Meeting, Little Thurlow, Suffolk - 31 January Bryan Smith 

My interest in ferns, which ultimately led to my becoming a BPS member, was largely 
due to a trip to New Zealand in October 1996 and the incredible sight of so many 
magnificent tree-ferns. So it was with great anticipation that I looked forward to 
Jennifer Ide's talk and slide-show. Members and friends of the East Anglian Regional 
Group (15 in all), who crowded into Mary Hilton's 17th-century home at the end of 
January, were r us on a mouth-watering tour using just 

a small selection of slides taken from more than 40 reels shot during the New Zealand 
spring of September 1997. It was only the breaking down of hei camera which had 
prevented her from taking more. 

Jennifer took us systematically through field and woodland ferns and. such is her 
expertise, the botanical names flowed like butter off a hot knife. I scribbled frantically 
trying to keep up, but failed miserably. Perhaps an indication of New Zealand's tern 
diversity is that she found 35 different species out of the 40 she specifically wanted to 
see, in just one half day's walk in a wood. We saw slides of a delightful Blecknum with 
young red fronds filling banks, the multi-dividing Gleichenia microphylla, a lake full o\ 
red Azolla filiculoides looking like a giant red clay patch, and Bleclmum filiform, 
which grows along the ground only to change its form as it then creeps up trees. There 
were aspleniums ranging from A. bulbiferum to the epiphytic A. pofyodon as well as 
Sticherus cunnin^lniinii. Polxsiichwn vestitum, Pellaea rotundifolia, Doodia media, 
Nephrolepis cordifolia and the filmy fern Trichomanes reniforme, to name but a few. 
One of Jennifer's favourites was the very attractive Leptoptehs superba (Prince of 
Wales feathers), and we were even treated to shots of the rare and protected Loxsoma 
mil Jennifer also included images of other representatives of New Zealand's 
flora such as the giant Kauri trees, and non-indigenous plants such as lupins, foxgloves 
and viper's bugloss. Indeed 60% of the New Zealand flora is apparently non-native. 
And then we came on to the tree-ferns. Magnificent Cyatkea medullar is, C. smithii. 
Dicksonia squarrosa, D. fibrosa and Cyathea dealbata (the silver tree-fern which is 
New Zealand's national emblem) could not fail to impress, especially when shot from 
beneath with huge fronds forming a canopy against a clear sky. Even fences made from 
tree-fern trunks along roadsides could be seen sprouting fronds, and the intricate cream 
and black trunk structure was put to attractive effect in carved vases. 
We broke for tea and home-made cakes generously provided by Mary, and at the same 
time Peter Richardson gave us a demonstration of how he raises ferns from spores in 
culture pots containing an agar mix. His binocular microscope gave us a rare chance to 
see, in close-up, the developing stages of ferns. 

Jennifer then took us into the second part of her slide-show - Seuffert fern-veneered 
furniture. Jennifer's interest in this began when she saw a writing-desk given to Lord 
Baden-Powell by New Zealand Aucklanders to commemorate his defence of Mafeking. 
The desk is intricately veneered with exact reproductions of New Zealand ferns (as well 
as scenes of Maori life). Dedicated research both here and in New Zealand has made 
Jennifer an expert on the furniture produced by father and son, Anton and William 
Seuffert, the family having moved to New Zealand from Austria in the early 1860s. 
s slides of tables, boxes, sideboards, picture frames and the covers of 
utifully detailed ferns made from inlaid wood veneers. 
Many of the ferns are readily recognisable, the most common being Bleclmum discolor 

enta. Such has b 

There was well deserved thanks for Jennifer, especially as her transparencies were both 
botanically interesting and lovely to look at. Even Mary's cat enjoyed the show, having 
sat transfixed about a foot in front of the screen throughout. 

Ickworth Park and Gardens near Bury St Edmunds, and Willow Cottage, 
Cowlinge, Suffolk - 6 June Sylvia Norton 

The forecast was not particularly good but it did not deter 2 1 members and friends of 
the East Anglian Group from gathering in the car park at Ickworth, which is 
administered by the National Trust. 

We were met at the Orangery by the Head Gardener, Jan Michalak, who came to 
Ickworth over 20 years ago and has worked hard to restore the original design, clearing 
and replanting where necessary. Jan gave us a brief history of the estate (which is 
mentioned in the Domesday survey), including the original Tudor Hall, Ickworth 
Lodge, where the Hervey family lived in the 18th century, and the present building, 
begun in 1795, occupied in 1829 but not completed until 1841. The grandiose design 
was the idea of the 4th Earl of Bristol and Jan gave us many amusing stories about him 
and his building plans. The 18th-century park with many fine trees owes some of its 
design to 'Capability' Brown but the formal garden was laid out in the Italianate style 
by a nephew of Lord Bristol in the 1830s. A central path leads from the Rotunda to a 
raised terrace walk with views over the gardens and park bordered by a hedge of 
clipped mixed box, which, with the many differences of leaf shape, texture, colour and 
growth rate, was reminiscent of a tapestry. (Ickworth holds one of the NCCPG National 
Collections of Buxus (box) species and cultivars.) 

Side paths led to the Gold and Silver Gardens and to the Stumpery, a re-creation of a 
Victorian style of fern garden. The Ickworth Stumpery is a lovely shaded area with grass 
paths winding around the huge upturned tree-stumps (dug up in a clearing 
process) which have been arranged on raised banks with all manner of shade-loving 
plants growing round and in between the twisted roots. Here were Gymnocarpium 
dryopteris, Polystichum proliferum, Pellaea falcata and the tiny Blechnum penna- 
mahna among many others, looking very much at home with small-leaved ivies and 
dwarf box. We were fortunate in being taken to the now empty conservatory at the end 
of the East Wing below which, and viewable through covering grilles, the basement 
area walls were covered in Pteris cretica and Asplenium scolopendrium, escapes from 
the conservatory in its former glory and surviving happily in what must be very 
sheltered conditions. 

Members had brought with them a large selection of less common ferns and these were 
presented to Jan Michalak to be added to Ickworth's Garden and Stumpery. 
After lunch we walked down the hill in the Park and alongside a canal where Equisetum 
palustre was growing thickly. As we approached Lady Katherine's Wood the ground 
rose sharply and in front of us was the Fairy Lake, on the far side of which, in a rare 
pocket of acid soil, grew Rhododendron ponticum, with marestail, yellow waterlily and 
gipsywort at the lake edge. An additional surprise came when we entered the wood 
where ferns were growing in great numbers under mixed trees. Dryopteris affinis was 
very common and among them a few single plants of D. affinis affinis were found and 
several good specimens of D. affinis borreri. Other Dryopteris found as we spread out 

Tim Pyner, Steve Munyard, Hugo Stevenson, Gill & Bryan Smith. 
Barnaby Stevenson, Sylvia Norton, Rosemary Stevenson. Ins Jeffery, Marie binder. Alf Hoare, 
Geoffrey Winder, Barrie Stevenson, Karen Munyard, Mary Hilton, Linda & Mick Craddock. 

were D. carthusiana, D.filix-mas and D. dilatata. An excellent specimen of Dryoptcri.s 
x deweveri was found by a particularly sharp-eyed member of the group. D. fihx-mas 
growing almost beside Athyrium filix-femina made it easy for novices to compare the 
two. Pohstichum setiferum was also plentiful. Carpeting the woodland floor was that 
beautiful ferny moss Thuidium tamariskifolium mixed with dog's mercury and 
Pteridium aquilinum, proving the acidity of this small area. 

After our excellent visit we drove through a torrential thunderstorm to the Stevenson's 
cottage in Cowlinge where Rosemary's delicious tea was much appreciated while 
waiting for the storm to finish before viewing the garden. When Barrie and Rosemary 
first moved here 28 years ago the garden was a long, narrow, uninteresting site parallel 
with the road and strafed by winds from every direction. Now, sheltered by hedges 
enclosing a large number of trees and shrubs, the flat land is sculpted into interesting 
mounds and hollows with a figure-of-eight path snaking its way from the house to the 
open, sun-drenched area at the far end and back again. The garden has been filled with 
a stunning array of plants which give colour, texture and form for year-round interest. 
Roses, clematis and honeysuckle climb up through the trees making vertical bands of 
colour to complement the horizontal ground cover. Among all these are the ferns, some 
making individual statements while others are massed in the shady hollows and on the 
sides of the banks adding their feathery texture to the deciduous leaf mass. Barrie has a 
particular love of cultivars and there are many fascinating forms ot Athyrium, 
Dryopteris, Pohpodium and Asplemum scolopendrium. There are also osmundas and 
blechnums, all quietly asserting themselves in their own season and time. Behind the 
house is a special damp area where ferns that love these conditions (including a 
specimen of Dicksonia antarctica) grow happily, and rows of pots full of sporehngs 
continue the life cycle. At the far end, past the sitting area and raised beds crammed with 
sempervivums, is the nursery where sporelings are grown on and potted up. It is difficult 
to imagine the amount of work necessary to create this Eden but there is no doubt that 
this is an enchanting garden, and our visit proved a most satisfactory ending to the day 
so well planned by Barrie. 


Stour Wood, near Harwich, and Glen Chantry Garden and Nursery, near 
Witham, Essex - 18 July Geoffrey Winder 

Stour Wood (62/189309) is an RSPB reserve on the southern banks of the Stour estuary 
about four miles upstream from the ferry port of Harwich. Andy Schofield, one of the 
wardens, met 12 of us in the car park and accompanied us round the reserve which is 
mixed deciduous woodland with a preponderance of sweet chestnut, but also oaks, 
hazel, birch, etc. It is managed in a system of rides which increase the ingress of light 
and consequently a more varied and luxuriant flora has developed along them. Some 
areas of the wood have been pollarded. Not only do these rides and pollarded areas 
provide a diversity of habitat for plant and bird life, but they are ideal for various 
woodland insects - the white admiral butterfly being particularly common this year. 
Ferns were relatively plentiful for this part of eastern England. Pteridium aquilinum 
occurred here and there but was never particularly dominant. Dryopteris affinis was 
probably the most common fern, co-existing in two forms in almost equal numbers, 
sometimes only a few inches apart. One form was smooth and golden looking, the other 
darker green and more luxuriant. At first it was thought that the latter was morph. 
affinis but, after much deliberation, it was decided that both were forms of morph. 
borreri. D. dilatata and D. carthusiana were present throughout the wood, though the 
latter was much less frequent; very few D. filix-mas were found and only a single group 
of three or four Athyriwn filix-femina which were growing in a moist area near the 
centre of the reserve. 

Interestingly, Andy Schofield showed us three or four colonies of what was thought to 
be Polypodium interjectum, growing on the sides of the old ditch which runs alongside 
a track close to the reserve's western boundary. As one colony looked slightly different, 
perhaps more lush than the others, one of our group took a few fronds home for more 
detailed examination and concluded that this more luxuriant looking colony was P. x 
mantoniae, the others P. vulgare. Not far away were a couple of Polystichum setiferum, 
the only ones we saw, and then, in a more open part of the reserve, growing in a small 
runnel and in the shade of a small silver birch, we came across several thriving 
Blechnum spicant. 

After a picnic lunch we drove to Glen Chantry (52/831131), a superb garden with 
nursery attached, a mile or so east of Witham, just across the River Blackwater. The 37: 
acre garden slopes down from the house; near the house are some stone troughs 
containing alpines and below them a large limestone rock garden largely planted with 
alpines and containing a fair selection of polypodies. This rock garden merges into 
mixed beds and borders planted with interesting and often unusual trees, shrubs and 
perennials. Down this slope is a series of small ponds joined by a stream. Among the 
plants in this area is an interesting collection of ferns planted, appropriately, between or 
against the rocks or in the damper earth near the water. Among them were Adiantum 
pedatum var. subpumilum, A. venustum, Athyrium niponicum 'Pictum', A. otophorum, 
Asplenium trichomanes, Blechnum spicant, B. penna-marina, Dryopteris dilatata, 
Matteuccia struthiopteris, Polystichum munitum and P. setiferum, to name but a few. 
During the afternoon most of us visited the nursery - a fine collection of plants but only 
a few ferns. After the garden had closed to the public several of us returned with Wol 
Staines, who runs Glen Chantry with his wife Sue, to identify or confirm the identity of 

A group of 13 met at Cavenham Heath, an English Nature site (52 757727), on a hot 
sunny morning. The Heath is one of the largest remaining undamaged areas of 
Breckland. Although not noted for its ferns, we had a pleasant walk around the wooded 
part of the reserve, accompanied by the Warden, Malcolm Wright. Broad buckler fern 
was the most common and was frequent on stumps and in damp hollows and ditches. 
The fronds were smaller than usual but rain three weeks earlier had ensured plenty of 
fresh leaves. Deer browse the fronds and most of the older ones were bitten off ai the 
apex. Male fern was occasional and stunted plants of bracken grew in dry, rabbit-grazed 
grassland. The only other pteridophyte seen was field horsetail which was frequent 
along ditch banks. 

After a picnic lunch on the Heath, the afternoon was spent at member Peter 
Richardson's small but unique garden at Witchford, near Ely. Here Peter has amassed a 
fascinating collection of New Zealand plants. A substantia] part of the collection is of 
pteridophytes, and most of Peter's ferns have been obtained from his own spore 
collections. Peter moved house last year and all his plants moved too, but despite this 
most of them were in excellent condition. 

Blechnum is one of Peter's favourite groups and he has a range of species including 
several of the B. minus complex and some also from Australia. Other New Zealanders 
include fine plants of Asplenium obtusatum, Davallia tasmanii, Polystkhum silvaticum 
and P. richardx Pteridium esculentum and 

Asplenium lyallii were also doing well. I was particularly taken with Hypolepis 
rufobarbata which arrived as a contaminant in a spore tray. It will make a good garden 
plant. Peter also has a large selection of Dicksonia and Cyathea, all quite small at 
present but very healthy, and he has managed to grow some of the normally very 
difficult Gleicheniaceae. I noticed good examples of Gleichenia dicarpa and 
Dicranopteris linearis. A superb specimen of Lycopodium volubile, a climbing 
clubmoss, was very attractive. 

Many of the shrubs Peter has collected are little known in Britain. Of particular interest 
were members of the genera Pseudopanax, Weinmannia, Quintinia and Pittosporum. 
A superb tea, provided by Peter, completed a most interesting visit. 
End of Season Meeting, Barrow, Suffolk - 31 October Barrie Stevenson 

At the time of writing, we are looking forward to our Autumn Indoor Meeting at the 
home of Marie and Geoffrey Winder. After viewing their garden and their collection of 
hardy and semi-hardy ferns, we shall enjoy a slide-show of ferns of France, Madeira and 
New Zealand. On display will be photographs of ferns in several English gardens, 
including Sissinghurst Castle, Kent, and Saville Gardens, Windsor. There will also be 
displays of fern-decorated pottery and porcelain and a group of old microscopes. 
Following a trawl of the fern bring-and-buy stall, we shall enjoy what has become, by 
tradition, a sumptuous spread of refreshments, thus bringing to a close a very pleasing 


Standish Cote, North Walney NNR and Piel Island, Cumbria - 12 June 

Standish Cote (34/235782). This farm is the highest habitation on th 
peninsula, at 220m (715ft) above sea level. The stone retaining wall and grass verge of 
the approach road, cut into the eastern slope of Bank House Moor, are home to large 
numbers of Dryopteris dilatata, D. filix-mas, Athyi < hnum spicant, 

Polypodium interjectum and the one fern in particular that we wanted to find, the 
glandular and hay-scented Dryopteris aemula. One of only four recorded sites for the 
latter in Cumbria, this is the most accessible, and with 21 members turning up on a 
bright sunny morning it made a good start to our first field meeting of the year. Finally, 
a large stand of Equisetum telmateia on nearby Ireleth Hill allowed us to examine a 

North Walney NNR (34/170705) comprises 350 acres of sand-dunes, heath, grassland, 
saltmarsh, scrub and shingle at the north end of the largest of a group of six islands off 
the Furness peninsula. It has been moulded by tide and waves from glacial debris and 
wind blown sand over the last 10,000 years and more recently by man. Covering the 
bottom of disused gravel pits were acres of Equisetum fluviatile while, on the dunes and 
grassland, E. palustre and E. arvense were both very common. A large patch of 

Ophioglossum vulgatum 

also created a great deal of f) 

interest. Oreopteris 

limbosperma, Dryopteris 

huge Blechnum spicant 
were found on the marshy 
ground to the east of the 

of boulder clay holds the 
surface water, making ideal 
conditions for acres of 
the dominant species, 
Dryopteris carthusiana. 
Growing along the lines of 
old drainage ditches were 
large numbers of 

i regalis, 

pits. There v 

owing their vigour by regenerating on the banks of nearby gravel 
: disappointment on discovering that a large colony of Equisetum 
i found on our previous visit in 1996 was no longer there. 
Piel Island (34/208639 & 34/233637). The mile and a half walk to Piel across the 
sands from Snab Point, Walney, is possible during a five hour slot two and a half hours 
either side of low water. Piel was given to the monks of Furness Abbey by King 
Stephen in the 12th century and they built the 'Castle' (a fortified warehouse) with 
defensive ditches plus inner and outer bailey walls. These ditches and the ruins of the 
boulder and cement walls have long been home to all the island's ferns except bracken. 
Asplenium marinum was first recorded in 1855 by pteridologist F. Clowes of 
Windermere and entered in The Ferns of the English Lake Country, 

i of Brantwood in 1865. Aspleniitm udiuntum-ni 
: found on the walls, and Dryopteris , 
jfence ditches. Pteridium aquilinum covered several acres of ground, 
dent reflecting exactly the wind shadow of the north-west shore dyke, 
i the 18th-century Ship Inn preceded the pleasant walk back over th 

Jack Bouckley had kindly invited the group to visit his garden. 

of which is his national collection of Asplenium scolopendri 

open but also in his shade-house and greenhouse. Many of t 

were glad that there was no test at the end as the collection holds 58 \ 

versatile fern, one or two as yet unnamed. One of these had been found by the North 

West Group on Hutton Roof Crags (BPS Bulletin Vol. 4. no. 6) and was provisionally 

thriving and hopefully it will soon be added to the national list. 
Space was restricted but this was a great advantage to us, as, moving slowly along the 
paths, we were able to spend time admiring the large assembly of exquisite athyriums 
and, a high point for many of us, the Killarney fern (Trichoma MS speciosum > fifteen 
varieties of Equisetum were available for study, including E. x dycei, E. sylvaticum. 
E. variegatum and two types of Dutch rush (E. hyemale). 
Ruth Bouckley and helpers kept us well supplied with refreshments 
rewarding morning. Packing away our notebooks we moved off to the 
to strengthen ourselves for the afternoon visit. 
Bilton Gorge (44/314576), a spectacular chasm nearly six miles in length, forms the 
core of the Nidd Gorge Project area, several square miles of countryside between the 
A59 Skipton Road, the B6165 Ripley Road and the A59 Knaresborough Road. The 
section selected for our outing was from the Ripley Road car park downstream towards 
Knaresborough and was led by Keith Wilkinson, chairman of the Bilton Gorge 
Conservation Society. The society has already received Millennium funding for a 
complete botanical survey and our remit was to help confirm previous findings and 
look for new ferns. We found just one, Polystichum aculeatum, previously unrecorded, 
and most but not all of those on record, i.e. Asplenium ruta-muraria, A. scolopendnum, 
Athyriumfdix-femina, Dryopteris affinis, D. dilatata, D. fdix-mas, Blechnum spicant, 
Equisetum arvense, E. sylvaticum, E. hyemale, E. telmateia and Pteridium aqudinum. 
The gorge, formed on a Carboniferous Sandstone/Permian Limestone fault, has an 
acid/alkaline eco-system. On small screes of shattered carboniferous sandstone, hand- 
sized fragments, deftly split in two by Keith, revealed fossilised tracks of the bristle- 
worm, Polychaetis. 

Emerging from the gorge into the warm afternoon sun, a short walk along a disused 
railway siding brought us back to our parked cars. Keith Wilkinson was warmly thanked 
for sharing both his knowledge and his time on this splendid outing. 

Swindale, Cumbria - 31 July (meeting point 35/528157) Robert Sykes 

The head of Swindale presents a typical Lake District scene: in the valley bottom 
drumlins and glacial relict features, grass slopes rising steeply, then screes and small 

outcrops with a few trees and then, again, wide gullies and crags to the skyline. We 
ventured there with a party of 16 on a blazing hot July day. The party diminished 
progressively as we climbed, and the less fit or less enthusiastic cut across to the beck 
bottom to enjoy a paddle or a sunbathe. Five of us worked our way right up and out at 
the top. Pteridium aquilinum grows throughout. There is Athyrium filix-femina, and 
Cryptogramma crispa decorates the walls and ditches at the lowest level. In the middle 
scree and outcrop level we saw Polypodium vulgare, Asplenium trichomanes, 
Oreopteris limbosperma. I dilatata and Phegopteris connectilis. 

Jack Garstang claimed a D. expansa. There was some Gymnocarpium dryopteris 
growing in the shelter of some large boulders. The oddity on this site is at the foot of 
the upper crags and outcrops: there must be an unexpected alkaline flush, because there 
is Asplenium viride and Cystopteris fragilis. 

A BPS party visited Swindale in 1983. What we did not see in 1999 was Dryopteris 
oreades (said to have been notably plentiful and spectacular on the earlier occasion), 
Dryopteris affinis x oreades spotted by Clive Jermy, Asplenium ruta-muraria and 
Polystichum aculeatum (that basic flush again). Our excuse must be that time was 
limited by promises to meet the valley party, but it is a place that would be worth 
revisiting and exploring in some detail. We did see this time one or two small plants of 
Blechnum spicant. 

The rest of the day included a swim, a refusal in all the circumstances to hunt for 
Hymenophyllum wilsonii, two bunches of keys lost, a missing person, some invaluable 
independent witness statements and a manhandled Fiesta. All in all an eventful day. 

Dentdale, Cumbria - 21 August Alan Meakin 

The Dentdale Fault (a branch of the Craven Fault) crosses lower Dentdale; to the west 
the underlying rock is acidic Silurian while further east it is limestone with some shales. 
This makes for an interesting distribution and variety of fern habitats. 
A party of 25 BPS members gathered below Rottenbutts Wood (34/673888), probably 
the only semi-natural woodland in the Dale. A wet, steep and wooded ascent on a loose, 
stony, acidic substrate took us to extensive stands of Gymnocarpium dryopteris and 
Phegopteris connectilis growing in close association and covering an unusually large 
area of the upper wood and decorating the fringes of the badger set. Also noted were 
Oreopteris limbosperma, Dryopteris fdix-mas and Athyrium filix-femina. Dryopteris 
affinis specimens were closely examined and 'discussed'. D. dilatata was plentiful, and 
D. carthusiana was identified in the boggy base of the wood. 

A short car journey took us to the head of Barbondale (34/683864) for a stroll to 
Combe Scar (acidic), a glaciated corrie with scree and light woodland. Cryptogramma 
crispa was profuse with large sheets of small, yellow-fronded Gymnocarpium 
dryopteris climbing high onto loose scree. Hymenophyllum wilsonii, previously 
recorded here, was not rediscovered but an intrepid ascent into the crags by Jack 
Garstang produced Asplenium adiantum-nigrum which had not been previously 
mentioned from this site. Blechnum spicant was common. There were many Dryopteris 
affinis plants - once more a conversation topic. 

A descent into Dent Town and the limestone was followed by a walk through the 
village to examine walls with Asplenium trichomanes, A. scolopendrium, A. ruta- 
muraria and Polypodium sp. In Flintergill some exotic garden ferns were examined and 
below the waterfalls luxuriant Polystichum aculeatum plants were admired. 

: party returned to Rock. lea for 
> Flintergill to climb higher to 
rcup of tea! 

Castle Folds, Orton, Cumbria - 11 September Mike Porter 

On a warm but very windy morning with rain forecast for later m the da\ 12 members 
of the North West group set off from the foot of Knott Lane (35/639079) just east of 
Orton in Westmorland to climb to the limestone pavements which lie behind Orton 
Scar. The route was at first totally devoid of ferns but did give us excellent views of a 
stone circle situated between the road and the Coast to Coast footpath. After a steady 
climb lasting about three-quarters of an hour we reached the first small 1 
pavement and immediately found a good collection of fer 
specialities. Here were Asplenium viride, A. scolopendri 
muraria, Cystopteris fragilis, Gymnocarpium robertianum, Polystichum , 
Dryopteris fdix-mas and Athyriumfilix-femina. We checked the scent of lightly crushed 
leaves of the Gymnocarpium robertianum to see if they smelt of apples, as detailed in 
the field guide. Reactions varied from "Just smells green to me" to "Ah yes. New 
Zealand Braeburn". Overall we were unconvinced. 

In comparison to Hutton Roof, visited last year during the BPS Coniston weekend, the 
pavements above Orton are higher, colder and less vegetated. They appear to contain 
more Asplenium viride, though A. trichomanes is also present in quantity, and more 
Polystichum aculeatum. On the other hand, at Hutton Roof there are equally good 
quantities of Gymnocarpium robertianum and Dryopteris submontana whereas at 
Orton the Gymnocarpium seemed to be much the commoner. Indeed it was not until we 
climbed to the brow of the hill and over into the 'lunar landscape' where magnificent 
sloping pavements converge below the ancient settlement of Castle Folds that we found 

much Dryopten 

down for lunch followed by careful 
the hairy snail. 

i near Castle Folds. 

In the afternoon we explored the pavements below Castle Folds, noting the slightly 
sticky feeling imparted by the glands on the leaves of Dryopteris submontana. We then 
made our way over the settlement itself and, following some nerve-racking wall 
climbing, set off back to the cars. By now dark clouds and murk were building up, 
obscuring the view south to the Howgill Fells and, as we approached the road, the long- 
forecasl rain arrived to hurry us on our way. 

AGM, Holehird, Windermere, Cumbria - 2 October Jack Garstang 

A longer day meeting from 10.30 a.m. to 5 p.m. was the new format for our sixth 
AGM, held in the Garden Room at Holehird. Tea, coffee and biscuits were served to 
welcome 35 members on their arrival. Our first illustrated lecture, entitled 'Butterflies 
and Bracken' was by Rick Stewart from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 
Merlewood, and showed the vital role that bracken now plays in arresting the decline of 
fritillary butterflies, mainly the high brown, pearl-bordered and dark green fritillaries. 
There then followed a mid-session break for lunch, a garden walk, plant sales and the 
opportunity to examine the 1999 meets photographic display, fossils from Arbigland 
fossil beds and the Orton limestone, and a frond of Asplenium marinum from Rathlin 
Island measuring 57cm, surely the longest found this century. 

The group business was quickly dealt with, many suggestions for our programme for 
the year 2000 being put forward. Our second illustrated lecture, given by Dr James 
Merry weather, was entitled 'The Unravelling of Male Ferns'. This was a 
comprehensive examination of a number of Dryopteris species and was followed by 
study of collected material and lengthy discussion. 

Our lady members again produced their finest confectionery for an excellent tea. The 
winners of the potted fern competition were (1) A Dryopteris - Jack Garstang with 
D. remota and (2) An indoor fern - Eric Bell with Adiantum micropinnulum. The 
crossword competition was won by Trevor Piearce who now has the task of compiling 
a Millennium word game. 

CORNWALL Rose Murphy 

Due to illness, it has not been possible to organise properly structured field meetings 

this year. However, a few of the group continued to meet informally and, as a result, 

some interesting additions were made to the list of Cornish ferns. Thelypteris palustris 

was found by Ian Benallick on Tregonetha Downs in East Cornwall. This new site is, at 

present, the only locality in the county for this decreasing fern; it has long gone from 

Clodgy Moor in West Cornwall. 

Mary and Tony Atkinson made a visit to the north side of Sharp Tor on Bodmin Moor 

in order to confirm a report of a new colony of Huperzia selago. Thirty-three plants, 

some with gemmae, were found at 20/261737, interestingly just one week after the 

appearance of the Pteridologist with an article on the fir clubmoss which stated that it 

could be found in moderate numbers in West Cornwall only on the Lizard! 

Chris Page has added a further Equisetum hybrid record, this time E. x willmotii, seen 

on the National Nature Reserve, Goss Moor, at 10/939595. 

It is hoped that n 

planned to hold £ 


BBC GARDENERS' WORLD LIVE! - 16-20 June A.R. Busby 

Once again I prepared a stand of hardy ferns in the Specialist Societies section of this 
show. This year's theme was 'Gardens of the World'. Unfortunately. I did not give 
much thought to how I could support the theme, but on the eve of the show I realised 
that a stand of foreign hardy ferns with the legend 'A World of Ferns in your Garden" 
was the obvious answer. This I did but with no artwork prepared nor an attention- 
attracting globe, my efforts proved very poor. 

My enthusiasm for putting on the stand was also dampened by the fact that for the 
second year running no staging had been provided. This meant that I had to wait some 
two and a half hours while the organisers' office tried to make contact with the firm 
responsible for building the stands. All this in spite of me having sent in a plan of my 
requirements during March. The result was that my temper was sorely tried and the 
ferns risked being scorched by the sun on one of the hottest days of the year. This show 
has become one of the biggest and one of the most expensive gardening shows. So 
many companies have a finger in the pie that it's difficult to know where the Royal 
Horticultural Society's responsibilities start and finish. 

Eventually, I was able to stage some twenty-two ferns, mostly foreign hardy ferns but 
with four or five British varieties to represent Great Britain and Ireland. 
It's always difficult to judge how successful these ventures are or by what criteria to 
judge them. I suppose that an influx of new members would be the main sign of 
success; time will tell. We did distribute about fifty application forms to those who 
expressed an interest in joining. 

During the Thursday evening I attended a press conference for all exhibitors. Here it 
was announced that major changes are afoot for next year's show. The show has been 
housed in Halls 5 and 9, with the nurseries accommodated in a long narrow marquee on 
the other side of the driveway. This makes the show rather dispersed and very tinng to 
see. Also, because of the NEC's arrangements, little lead up time is allowed for the 
firms wishing to build the show gardens. 

Next year, the show will be housed in the new Halls 17, 18, 19 and 20 and the main 
glass Atrium, with half a million pounds being spent on converting a large car park into 
landscaped gardens. This promises to make the show a far more unified event. I only 
hope that they bear in mind the need for convenient access for the build up and 
breakdown of the show and for ensuring that the specialist societies' stands are ready 
on the day. 

My sincere thanks to Sue Pierce-Seary, Jeff Whysall, Alan Ogden, Ray and Brenda 
Smith and to NCCPG members Rosie Peddle and Moira Bastow for taking care of the 
stand and so allowing me time off when most needed! 

SOUTHPORT FLOWER SHOW - 19-21 August A.R. Busby 

Thursday morning dawned grey and wet, Southport once again trying to live up to its 
reputation for lousy weather. However, as the day progressed the weather improved and 
remained fine for the rest of the Show. 

The number of exhibitors was down and even the regular contenders had reduced their 
number of entries but I was pleased to see that the quality of the exhibits was very 
good. It was difficult to separate first from second in most classes. Presentation was 
also of a high standard; exhibitors really do seem to have learned that lesson well. All 
the exhibits were of show bench standard but for me the best fern in the show was 
G. Abbott's superlative Adiantum raddianum 'Kensington Gem'. 
The judge was A.R. Busby. The prize winners are listed below. 
Class 6 Individual Championship: Four hardy, two greenhouse and two foreign hardy 

ferns: 1st Mr & Mrs B. Russ (1 entry) 
Class 7 Three Hardy British Ferns (dissimilar): (no entries) 
Class 8 Three Hardy Foreign Ferns: 1st L. Kirkham (1 entry) 
Class 9 Three Polypodium (distinct varieties): 1st L. Kirkham (1 entry) 
Class 10 Three Polystichum (distinct varieties): (no entries) 
Class 11 Three Athyrium: 1 st L. Kirkham ( 1 entry) 
Class 12 Three Asplenium (excluding A. scolopendrium): IstL. Kirkham 

2nd Mr & Mrs B. Russ (2 entries) 
Class 13 One British Fern (any kind or variety): 1st L. Kirkham, 2nd Mrs Fairclough 

Class 14 One Greenhouse Fern: 1st G. Abbott, 2nd Mrs E.A. Gibbs, 3rd L. Kirkham 

(3 entries) 
Class 15 Three Asplenium scolopendrium (3 distinct varieties): 1st L. Kirkham, 

2nd Mr & Mrs B. Russ (2 entries) 
My thanks to Lawrence Kirkham for assisting with the manning of the Society stand 
and to Ray Smith for sending a goodly supply of cut fronds. 

We are always short of help on the stand so if any members have just a few hours to 
spare I would be very pleased with any offers of help. 


The AFS invites all readers of this Bulletin to join the American Fern Society. Regular members 
receive the Fiddleln-ud Forum five tunes a year. This newsletter is published for the benefit of 
those who are interested in growing ferns, hunting for them, and expanding their knowledge of 
ferns 1« >ui rial members also receive the scientific quarterly American Fern Journal. Membership 
costs $11 and $22 per annum respectively for members residing outside USA, Canada or 
Mexico, including postage for airmail-assisted delivery. For particulars please write to Dr David 
B. Lelhnger, 326 West St. NW, Vienna, VA 22180-4151, USA. Prospective members residing 
in Great Britain should write to Mr M.S. Porter, 5 West Avenue, Wigton, Cumbria CA7 9LG. 
AFS SUBSCRIPTION PAYMENTS: Our societies have an exchange arrangement whereby 
members of the BPS can pay their AFS subscription through the BPS Membership Secretary and 
vice versa. Contact your Membership Secretary for details. 


Please note that the BPS Honorary General Secretary will be unav 
1st February until 7th March 2000 inclusive. 

Any urgent matters should be addressed to the President, Mr Mai 
Pear Tree Cottage, Kyre, Tenbury Wells, Worcs. WR15 8RN 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 2000 - The 97th AGM will take place on Saturda\ 
25th March 2000 at Chelsea Physic Garden at 2.00 p.m. 

COMMITTEE VACANCIES - In accordance with paragraph 3, section 3 of the 
Society's Constitution, two vacancies will occur due to the retirement of the two 
longest serving Committee members. Nominations are invited from Society members to 
fill these vacancies at the Annual General Meeting in 2000. The names of the 
nominees, proposers and seconders, together with a letter from the nominee i in;.: 
his/her willingness to serve, should reach the General Secretary by February 2000. 
SUBSCRIPTIONS 2000 - Members are reminded that subscriptions for 2000 are due 
on the 1st January 2000 and should be paid to the Membership Secretary, Mr 
M.S. Porter, 5 West Avenue, Wigton, Cumbria CA7 9LG. Cheques should be made 
payable to 'The British Pteridological Society'. Current rates are given inside the front 
cover. Payment can be made by Credit Card - see renewal form. Standing Order 
forms are printed on the reverse of renewal forms and are also available from the 
Membership Secretary. Please note that Standing Orders may now be paid on 1st 
January or 1st February. In the latter case, membership is still deemed to be from 1st 
January to 31st December. 

PUBLICATIONS BY AIRMAIL - Our journals can be sent by airmail to overseas 
members, provided that they advise the Membership Secretary and pay an additional 
subscription to cover airmail postage. See inside front cover for rates. 
ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY - Our Society is affiliated to the RHS. 
enabling a limited number of members to enjoy certain privileges in connection with 
RHS Shows, competitions and services. 

GREENFIELD FUND - This fund, set up as a memorial to one of our Society's great 
fern growers, Percy Greenfield, is used to finance approved research projects, helping 
with the cost of necessary equipment, books and travel expenses. Percy Greenfield's 
interest leaned very much towards the non-scientific side of our activities and it is felt 
that he would want this taken into consideration when decisions are made. Workers 
eligible for university or college grants and similar support are not therefore eligible for 
help from the fund. Anyone wishing to avail themselves of this fund should contact the 
General Secretary for further information. 

CENTENARY FUND - This fund is used to promote the study of all aspects of 
pteridophytes - horticultural, scientific and educational, whether by amateurs, students 
or professional pteridologists. As such its scope is much broader and more flexible than 
the Greenfield Fund. Anyone wishing to avail themselves of this fund should contact 
the General Secretary for further information. 

SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS - There are three Special Interest Groups. For 
further information please send a stamped addressed envelope to the organisers: 
Tree-ferns: Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, 92 Drymen Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 2SY. 
Foreign Hardy Ferns: A.R. (Matt) Busby, 16 Kirby Comer Rd, Canley, Coventry CV4 8GD. 
Filmy Ferns: S.J. Munyard, 234 Harold Road, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 5NG. 
MEMBERS INFORMATION SERVICE - Members often require information and 
advice on many aspects of pteridophytes but are reluctant to ask or simply do not know 
where to obtain help. Queries from members on any aspects of the biology, 
identification or cultivation of ferns or fern allies should be sent, with three first class 
stamps, to A.R. Busby, 16 Kirby Corner Road, Canley, Coventry CV4 8GD. 
READING CIRCLE - The Society operates a reading circle for several journals. The 
American Fern Journal is a quarterly publication containing much information for 
those seriously interested in ferns; the Fiddlehead Forum, which publishes many 
'ferny' items of interest to the amateur grower, accompanies it. To receive these 
journals contact A.R. Busby, 16 Kirby Corner Road, Canley, Coventry CV4 8GD. 
Society exchanges journals with many other fern societies in the world. We have a 
collection of journals/newsletters from societies in the United States (3), Australia (5), 
New Zealand, India, Switzerland and the Netherlands. If members would like to browse 
these, they are welcome to get in touch with the back numbers organiser for a list of our 
holdings. The journals can then be borrowed for just the cost of postage both ways. 
BACK NUMBERS OF JOURNALS - Our back numbers are a valuable source of 
information pertaining to most aspects of ferns. A mixed pack of six of our journals is 
available for just £5 post free to whet your appetite; other back numbers of the 
Society's journals are available to members at reasonable prices. A full list is available 
from Patrick Acock, 13 Star Lane, St Mary Cray, Kent BR5 3LJ. 
WORLD-WIDE WEB SITE - The URL (address) of the BPS Web site hosted by the 
Natural History Museum is "". The 
content has recently been expanded and updated. 

BPS VIDEO 'BRITISH FERNS' - This twenty-five minute video shows most of the 
native British ferns growing in their natural habitats. It demonstrates the wide variety of 
size and form to be found in British ferns and the broad range of habitats they colonise. 
Attention is drawn to key identification characters for each species. 
Schering Agriculture and the National Museum of Wales funded the video. It is 
available for loan, for the cost of registered postage, to interested individuals and 
organisations (UK only). For further details write to the General Secretary enclosing a 
stamped addressed envelope. 

PAYMENT OF EXPENSES - The Committee has agreed 

type of expenses, and conditions of payment thereof, which may be 

and members acting on behalf of the Society. A copy of 

from the Honorary Treasurer on request. 

MERCHANDISE - Do you have a BPS sweatshirt and/or tee-shirt? These are dark 

green with a small BPS logo in yellow. Ties, metal badges and car stickers sporting our 

logo are also available. Other items for sale: greetings cards, postcards and notelets. 

Can't find your order form? Contact Mrs L.I. Craddock, 40 Russell Drive, Ampthill, 

Beds. MK45 2TX for details. Linda would also welcome suggestions for new stock. 

sundry items. Further information is available from the General Secretary. 
WANTED: INDEX COMPILER - Several volunteers have come forward in 
response to our request in the 1998 Bulletin for help with indexing the Society's 
journals, for which we are very grateful. However, more help is still required. If you 
think you could assist in any way with the preparation of indexes, we would be very 
pleased to hear from you. Please contact Miss Alison Paul, Botany Department, The 
Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, tel. 020-7942-5756, 

WANTED: HELP WITH EDITING - Do you have publishing, editing and/or design 
skills? The Publications Subcommittee requires help with the preparation of the 
Society's publications, especially with our occasional Special Publications and leaflets. 
If you think that you could help the Society in any of these ways, please contact the 
acting Chairman of the Publications Subcommittee, Miss Josephine Camus, Botany 
Department, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD. tel. 
020-7942-5587, e-mail: 

Society needs volunteers to assist at the BBC Gardeners' World Live! and Southport 
Flower Show. You do not need to be an expert on ferns or fern growing, just prepared 
to spend a few hours or a day on the stand. Further information is available from 
A.R. (Matt) Busby at 16 Kirby Corner Road, Canley, Coventry CV4 8GD. 
THE SOCIETY'S FIRST MINUTE BOOK - The Committee is looking for a fire- 
proof box or deed box for the storage of the Society's first Minute Book. The 
dimensions of the book are 330 x 215 x 51mm (foolscap). If any member can help in 
any way, either by donating or making such a box, or advising us where one can be 
purchased, please contact the General Secretary. 

REMEMBERING THE SOCIETY IN YOUR WILL - This is just a personal plea 
Our sister society in the United States has quite a healthy bank balance. It is able to use 
this money both for grants and for keeping the cost of their journals down. When 
writing my will recently, I reflected on the enjoyment our Society has given me over the 
last twenty years and have set aside a small amount to benefit subscription costs. This 
is because I am worried that since I joined the average age of the membersjeems to 
have risen with my age. I would particularly like us to encourage younger 
if some help with subscription costs would help in this process, then I want 
it. Perhaps you too might consider this when you come to writing your own wn 

Patrick Acock 


We were sorry to learn of the death of the following members: 

Mr Kenneth Adlam of Devon who joined the Society in 1969. See obituary « 

Mr Frank Hanson of Herefordshire who joined the Society in 1986. 

Mr John Jeffries of Norfolk who joined the Society in 1995. 

Dr Roy Thompson of Wolverhampton who joined the Society in 1997. 


MINUTES of the 96th Annual General Meeting held at the University of Reading on 

Saturday 20th March 1999 at 14.00 hrs. 

IN THE CHAIR: The President, Mr M.H. Rickard. 

PRESENT: Mr R.G. Ackers, Mr PJ. Acock, Mrs P. Alexander, Wg Cdr E.J. Baker, 

Mr M. Birkett, Mr A.R. Busby, Miss J.M. Camus, Mr R.J. Cooke, Mr M.J. & Mrs 

L.I. Craddock, Mr J. Crowe, Dr M. Gibby, Mr A.E. Hoare, Mr G. Hoare, Dr K.H. & 

Mrs D.M. Holly, Miss J.M. Ide, Mr A.C. Jermy, Mr L. Kirkham, Mr A. Leonard, Mr 

P. Lynch, Mr H. Matthews, Mr F. McKenzie, Miss C. Muffins, Mr S. & Mrs 

K. Munyard, Miss R.J. Murphy, Miss A.M. Paul, Mrs B. Porter, Mr PH. Ripley, Mr 

B. Stevenson, Mr A. & Mrs M. Urquhart, Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, Mr J.R. Woodhams, 

Mrs J. Yesilyurt. 

Item 1 - APOLOGIES FOR ABSENCE: Mrs R. Baker, Mr J.A. Crabbe, Mr 

P. Freshwater, Mr A.C. & Mrs M. Pigott, Mr M.S. Porter, Mr R.J. & Mrs B. Smith, 

Prof. B.A. Thomas, Mr R.N. Timm, Mr B. & Mrs A.Wright. 

Item 2 - APPROVAL OF MINUTES: Minutes of the 95th Annual General Meeting 

held on 12th September 1998, published in the 1998 Bulletin (Volume 5, no. 3), were 


Item 3 - MATTERS ARISING: None. 


Miss J.M. Ide reminded members that from 1991 to 1998 the AGM had been held in 

September, the anniversary month of the Society's inaugural meeting. For 


March. Thus a 

Members would have noticed a change in the Agenda from past years; all officers and 

Committee appointees would be presenting their own reports rather than some being 

encompassed in that of the General Secretary. 

GRANT AWARDING FUNDS: Among the present concerns of the Committee was the 

need to announce the award of grants from the Greenfield and Centenary Funds when 

they are made, and not to wait until the publication of a report from the recipient after 

the work had been completed. In future, the granting of awards would be published in 

the Bulletin. Reports for publication, in an agreed form, would continue to be required 

and to be published in the appropriate journal of the Society. 

SOCIETY ARCHIVES: The Committee continued to be concerned about the lack of 

proper provision for its archives. Although there was an urgent need for the 

appointment of an Archivist, the Committee felt that even more urgent was the need of 

advice and further study. A.R. Busby had accepted the responsibility to research this 

for the Committee. 

The Society's first Minute Book contains the minutes of the Society from its inception 

to the early 1980s! As this was the most important and irreplaceable record of the 

Society, Mr Barry Wright had kindly offered to scan it onto CD ROM. 

Several articles on the acceptance of patronage by His Royal Highness the Prince of 

Wales had appeared as a result of the press release sent to all overseas fern societies, 

several other botanical societies, the major gardening magazines and major daily 

newspapers in Great Britain, and the BBC. No-one was responsible for maintaining a 
collection of cuttings and articles about the Society or matters of Society interest. It had 
been agreed that this would be an added responsibility of the Archivist when appointed. 
In the meantime, the Committee urged members to collect press and magazine articles 
and notes, and either keep them or send them to the General Secretary for filing. 
RECORDER: The Committee had decided to re-institute the appointment of Recorder. 
Mr Rob Cooke had agreed to add this to his duties as Conservation Officer. 
of BPS Special Publications and chairman of the Publications Subcoi 
expressed his wish to resign due to the pressure of other work. As yet a 
appointment had not been made. 

SYMPOSIUM 2001: A small Subcommittee with responsibility for initiating the task 
of organising the international Symposium in 2001 had been formed under the 
leadership of Mr Graham Ackers. The title of the Symposium is 'Fern Flora 
Worldwide: Threats and Responses' . 

FINALLY: The Committee had set the Society a number of tasks which would require 
much time and effort from the Officers of the Society, not only with regard to 
Constitution matters but also in terms of activities. The result should be a Society ready 
to begin the next century and the new millennium on a sound footing, with the potential 
to improve the way it is run for the benefit of members. The Committee needed to feel 
that it had members' support. 

In subsequent discussion, A.C. Jermy enquired how the application for charity status 
was progressing. In reply, the Chairman reported that the examination of the 
implications of the Society becoming a charity and the processes that were necessary to 
achieve that status, had been continuing and would be considered at the next 
Committee meeting. The aim would be to achieve charity status by 2000. 
presented the unaudited accounts for the year ending 31st December 1998. In addition 
to the notes given with the accounts, Mr Leonard commented that income from 
subscriptions appeared to be lower than for 1997. This was due to the accounting 
method and was misleading because membership was almost the same in both years 
The heavy postage costs in 1998 included the postage for the 1997 Bulletin, which had 
been unavoidably late. The £1000 in the Expenses column against Booksales was a 
permanent loan accounted for in the assets of the Booksales' account. Considering all 
these points, the balance at the end of 1998 was roughly the same as that for 1997. 
The accounts were approved, subject to auditing. Proposed by A.C. Jermy and 
seconded by K.H. Holly. 

Publications Subcommittee: A.C. Jermy reported that the Subcommittee had met 
once since the last AGM and a number of general matters were the subject of on-going 

Journals: The Subcommittee has discussed methods of streamlining the electronic 
transfer of copy and was seeking to ascertain the most cost-effective printing process 
with the minimum need for proof-reading. The Subcommittee had noted that interesting 
material published in the Society's Special Interest Group Newsletters also merited 
Publication in the Pteridologist. 

Indexes to all volumes of the Pteridologist were needed. An index would be very useful 

for the Bulletin, as would a cumulative one to the Fern Gazette. A notice had been 

placed in the Bulletin asking if any one would take on indexing for the Society's 


Special Publications: Jimmy Dyce's manuscript on Polystichum had been scanned onto 

disc but needed some editing and reviewing by a potential user. Robert Sykes had 

offered to look at the manuscript. The Subcommittee was of the opinion that this book 

should be the first of a series and its style and content would act as a model for later 

books. The possibility of other books on Fern Varieties was being investigated. 

The bibliographical work on early fern books by Martin Rickard and Nigel Hall was 

Hearing completion. 

Web Pages: The Society's web pages had been revised, enlarged, and technical 

difficulties overcome with the help of the Natural History Museum's web manager. The 

Society was grateful to the NHM for allowing the use of its web-site facilities, free of 

Other Publications: It appeared that there was no Society master set of BPS Leaflets 
and samples were being sought by the Hon. Gen. Secretary. A corporate style was 
being designed for future issues. The possibility of producing educational material, 
charts and keys, in conjunction with the Field Studies Council, was also being pursued. 
Help Required: The Society needed more people to assist in producing the Society's 
publications. Offers of help from members with design, editing, proof-reading or 
publishing skills would be gratefully received. Volunteers should contact the 
Subcommittee c/o the Botany Department of The Natural History Museum. There was 
a particular need for an editor of BPS Special Publications. 

Bulletin Editor: Miss A.M. Paul stated that the 1998 Bulletin proclaiming the news 
of the Society's Royal patronage had been published on 25th January 1999. It had also 
featured a complete membership address list. The prompt responses to requests for 
copy had been greatly a 

The aim was to publish future issues of the Bulletin in December, thus avoiding the 
two-week delay when printers were closed over the Christmas period. To this end, 
contributors were asked to submit their reports as early as possible, particularly if they 
were not on disc. Finally, the Editor made the usual pleas for photographs taken during 
meetings to be submitted for possible inclusion. 

Fern Gazette Editors: Miss J.M. Camus advised that Volume 15 part 6 had been 
published on 22 December 1998. It was a slim issue of only 16 pages comprising three 
papers and four book reviews. For the second year running only one issue had been 
published, because there had been insufficient copy for two issues. 1999 should be a 
better year. Manuscripts submitted to The Fern Gazette were still too few for comfort 
especially as not all survived the refereeing system. The editor of the BPS web page 
had been asked to include Instructions for Authors on the Web page in the hope of 
attracting more offers of manuscripts. 

A streamlined method of production was being tested which should eliminate 
production problems and reduce time spent proof-reading. The appearance of this 
journal (cover, page size) was under review as the end of Volume 15 approaches. 
Following the Editor's report, there 
comments regarding the number of issi 

s taken to promote the journal, including use of 
: would be sufficient copy for 

BPS World Wide Web Site Editor: A.C. Pigotl site went live 

in January. It had been well received by members and other pteridophiles. The editor 
had aimed to produce it in a restrained and professional format but with high qualit) 
images. Although it contained some significant amount of material, it was still 
relatively small. There was much scope for expansion but this is dependent on 
contributors providing suitable content. The objective is to provide an attractive 'shop 
window' for the Society and also to contribute to the Society's reputation by being an 
effective and high quality source of pteridological information on the Internet. The BPS 
WWW site address is: "". 
An e-mail list that enabled easy exchange of information and ideas on BPS matters, had 
also been set up and members on e-mail were encouraged to subscribe. 
Meetings Subcommittee: The Meetings Secretary, P.J. Acock, reported that there 
had been only one meeting during the period September 1998 to March 1999 ami that 
was the meeting in the Lake District in September. It was well attended and enjoyed by 
all. The re-inauguration of the 'Jimmy Dyce Dining Club' at the meeting was well 
received, as was the combination of excellent field outings and the AGM: just like the 
old days! 

As Subcommittee Chairman and on behalf of all Society members, P.J. Acock thanked 
the hard working Subcommittee members and those members of the Society who had 
organised the various meetings. The Subcommittee wished to hear from any member 
who could organise or help to lead a meeting. They would also welcome suggestions or 
ideas for possible meetings. 

Fern Varieites Nomenclature Subcommittee: M.H. Rickard advised that this 
Subcommittee has not met in the past year. A meeting would be held in autumn 1999. 
A.C. Jermy enquired how far the international registration of cultivars had progressed. 
M.H. Rickard replied that that was a huge and on-going task. The Subcommittee was 
particularly keen to get cultivars registered in the United Kingdom. The task required a 
professional database. Although A.R. Busby was using a standard database it was not 
compatible with the information held by M.H. Rickard, but the main problem 
isk was the lack of time available for the work. 


Membership Secretary: M. Porter reported that membership, totalling 760, 
remained almost exactly the same as in 1997. Of the 37 res.gnattons, most had been 
brought about either by old age and subsequent lack of mobility or by changes of 
interest, although a small minority had felt that the Society no longer fu 
needs. Thirty-eight members had lapsed as a result of non-payment ot membership 
subscriptions despite repeated reminders, and loss of interest must be assumed to be the 
cause. Sadly, three long-standing members of the Society had died dunng the year, the 
78 losses were I e recruitment of 73 new members, many of whom 

had joined as a result of visits to Flower Shows where the Society had been 
represented. It was hoped that no* the Society had its own web site, membership would 
increase. Of the 760 members at the end of 1998, 557 were 'Ordinary' members, 62 

Consi kwtion Officer & Recorder: R.J. Cooke reminded the meeting that last 
year's AGM report outlined the work then under way on the Biodiversity Action Plan. 
That work had continued apace, with action plans published for five pteridophytes: 
Woodsia ilvensis. Trichomanes speciosum, Athyrin- -lobulifera and 

Lycopodiella inundata. ( )i the activities planned for the coming year, perhaps the most 
exciting was the proposed re-introduction of Woodsia ilvensis to one site in England 
where the plant was now extinct, and to a site in Scotland where the population was just 
hanging on. That work would be undertaken by the Royal Botanic Garden in Edinburgh 
with help from English Nature and Scottish Natural Heritage, and would use plants 
grown from native populations. The Botanic Garden has been so successful at Woodsia 
spore germination that there might be surplus stock. If this were the case, it might be 
offered to bona fide growers to grow on in cultivation for possible use at a later stage, 
in return for some plants to keep permanently. Obviously the BPS Conservation Officer 
would ensure that BPS members are involved. 

The Society had an increasing role to play in future monitoring and survey activities. 
One of the problems has always been the co-ordination of effort, and the collation of 
data. To address these issues, English Nature was currently considering funding a post 
to help with the co-ordination of survey and monitoring efforts between several of the 
specialist lower plant societies, including the BPS. Such a post would ensure that the 
valuable efforts of volunteers contributed to national recording and monitoring 
schemes, and would also be able to provide feedback to the societies on the results of 
their work, and on any areas requiring specific effort. 

Spore Exchange: B. and Mrs A. Wright reported that for the 1999 distribution, 305 
donations had been received from 29 donors. However, many taxa were in short supply 
and it was hoped to take steps to ensure that stocks are replenished during 1999. The 
average turn-around of requests had been less than seven days. Of some concern was 
the number of requests arriving without an SAE or International Reply Coupons. 
Glassine envelopes had been introduced for the distribution, as this made the task much 
easier. Recipients had been requested to comment on any resultant benefits or 

Subsequent comment from the meeting indicated that members considered the Spore 
Exchange to be excellent. 

Plant Exchange: R. and Mrs B. Smith reported that they had received over 50 
requests since September 1998. The valuable contribution made by donors was 
acknowledged; without them the scheme would cease to be viable. Any members 
having even just a few plants to spare were encouraged to consider the scheme. It was 
also stressed that members do not need to have plants to offer in order to participate. 
Book and Journal Sales: S.J. Munyard stated that during 1998 a total of 56 mail 
orders were fulfilled and many books were sold direct to members at meetings. It was 
still difficult to obtain good secondhand material but it was hoped that members were 
happy with the number of new publications that had been obtained from all over the 


Merchandise: Mrs L. Craddock reported that there had been a drop in sales o( 1 7' , 
in 1998 compared to 1997. This was despite the fact that merchandise had been taken 
to virtually all of the many local and national meetings attended during the year. Every 
effort had been made to introduce new members to the merchandise facilities, even 
when the goods were not displayed. The sales provide a service to members, which, 
although not providing a vast income, more than covers itself. It was thought that new 
products should be considered for inclusion in the range sold. 
A.C. Wardlaw enquired whether the merchandise was advertised on the WWW Site and 

Horticultural Information Officer: A.R. Busby advised that since September 
1998, he had received seven or eight letters from members and three telephone calls 
from non-members with various queries concerning the acquisition and cultivation of 
hardy ferns. 


Foreign Hardy Ferns: A.R. Busby stated that members continued to enquire about 

the group. Some copy was in hand for a further newsletter. One important article uas 

unsuitable for publication in its present form but, hopefully, would be revised in time 

for the next issue, which it was hoped to publish in the following few weeks. 

Tree Ferns: A.C. Wardlaw reported that the Tree-Fern Special Interest Group, 

which had been started through the initiative of Martin Rickard in December 1995, now 

had 30 members. The majority were resident in the UK, but there was one in France, 

Germany and Hawaii, and two in Ireland and Australia. 

To date, five Newsletters had been issued, with a total of 58 pages of information and 

pictures on growing tree-ferns in Britain and on their distribution in Australia, New 

Zealand, Ireland, the south of France and Madeira. In the last issue, coloured 

illustrations had been used for the first time and appeared to have been well received. If 

the group membership got much larger a strain would be placed on the allocated budget 

for producing and mailing a Newsletter with coloured illustrations and it might be 

necessary to revert to the monochrome style. 

The possibility of a meeting devoted to tree-ferns had been considered but without a 

concrete suggestion emerging. The Society did not appear to have had a meeting that 

focused on tree-ferns. However, if the proposed Society excursion to New Zealand 

went ahead in February 2000, there would be abundant opportunities to observe several 

species of tree-ferns in their native habitats. 

Filmy Ferns: S.J. Munyard advised that the Filmy Fern Special Interest Group, with 

the help of David Jacobs, intended to publish a small article giving hints and tips on 

growing these interesting plants. Members of the group had tried numerous methods of 

cultivation, some of which were proving to be very successful. 

In general discussion, A.R. Busby agreed with the previously reported views of the 

Publications Subcommittee, that articles from the Special Interest Groups were good 

and that selected ones should be reprinted in the Society's journals Such reporting 

might help provide sufficient material for two issues of the P [^^lT^ 

certainly bring the articles to a \ 

,. r . - _ C Wardlaw commented tl 

interesting to speculate why authors preferred to submit to newsletters (especially those 

dealing w ith tree-ferns) and not to journals. 


The following motion by the Committee was made through the Chairman: 
"In view of there being only a six month period between the AGMs in 1998 and 1999 
the Committee propose that Officers and Committee members who would normally be 
coming to the end of their tenure should continue for a further year and therefore all 
Officers and Committee members should be re-elected en bloc." 

Item 10 - ELECTION OF AUDITORS: Miss J.M. Camus proposed and Dr 
K. Holly seconded the proposal that Mr Graham Ackers and Mr Paul Ripley be re- 
elected as auditors. They were elected unanimously. 
Item 11 -ANY OTHER I 

a. As an extension to the earlier discussions on the Society's in 

obtaining Charity status, the Chairman introduced the need to seek formal AGM 
approval for the Committee to proceed and to take whatever action it deemed best for 
the Society. After discussion, Dr K. Holly proposed and M. Craddock seconded the 
following motion, which was carried unanimously: "The AGM mandates the 
Committee to proceed with securing Charity status for the BPS. " 

b. The President had great pleasure in presenting Mr A.R. (Matt) Busby with the 
Stansfield Medal, which he had been awarded at last year's AGM. It was an award for 
outstanding service to the British Pteridological Society over a period of many years. 
Moreover it was an award that brought great pleasure to all members of the Society. 
The President, on behalf of the Society, expressed his thanks to the University of 
Reading and, in particular, to Dr S. Jury for the kind and excellent hospitality that had 
been given to the Society. 

As there was no further business the President thanked members for attending. 
The meeting closed at approximately 15.00 hours. 

Jennifer M. Ide 
Hon. Gen. Secretary 

1. The Society had the following stocks of books at 31.12.1998 (1997 stocks in brackets): , 
Names and their Meanings 188 (209), Cultivation and Propagation of British Ferns 1 1 3 
( 143), History of British Pteridology 841 (849), BPS Extracts and Papers 439 (445). 

2. The accounts reflect the subscriptions actually received in the year. 

3. BPS Booksales had assets of £5,159.97 (£4,164.76) at 31.12.1998. 

4. The Centenary Fund had 179 (182) copies of A World of Ferns at 31.12.1998. 

5. The Society also possesses the following assets with less tangible value: 
The Membership Secretary has a punter that cost £150 in 1998. 

The Spore Exchange has a fridge that cost £200 in 1991. 

Back issues of the Bulletin, Fern Gazettt and Pteridologist valued at approximately £3,0 

Merchandise valued at approximately £1,500. 

6. The Society made no grants in 1998. 

7. The Society wrote off the following assets- 

A computer that cost £1,000 in 1992. A computer that cost £1,000 in 1996. 

8. The cost for posting the 1997 Bulletin (approx. £600) has been included in the 1998 accoi 


) INCOME 1998 



Spore Exchange 





Plant Sale 
















Administration & Postage 



Subscriptions to Societies 


Plant & Spore Exchanges 







Mapping Project 








Special Interest Groups 






BALANCE for 1998 



Brought forward from 1997 



Brought forward from 1997 


Brought forward from 1997 

Carried forward at 31.12.1998 

106.00 Offprints 

Special Publicatio 


I should like to thank the trustees of the BPS Centenary fund for the contribution that I 
received to attend the 1999 International Bracken Conference, which was held in 
Manchester, 20-26 July. This was greatly appreciated as it helped cover expenses 
during my stay in the UK. During the conference I made two presentations, both of 
which dealt with bracken systematics. I am studying plant systematics and am working 
on my PhD under the direction of Dr P.G. Wolf (Utah State University, USA). 
In his 1941 monograph on bracken, Try on recognised a single species, Pteridium 
aquilimmu consisting of 12 varieties. Other workers, however, have suggested that 
there are two, to as many as six species of bracken. My first talk dealt with the 
taxonomic relationships between two eastern North American taxa which were treated 
by Tryon as var. latiusculum and var, pst tdocaudatum Using both univariate and 
: morphological analysis did confirm the presence of two 
groups. However, evidence from isozymes clearly indicated that 
they should be recognised as conspecific taxa. In addition, considerable geographical 
variation was observed within these North American populations, with a strong north- 
south cline observed for five isozyme loci. Furthermore, there was evidence of gene 
flow between the two varieties in the Piedmont of North Carolina. These findings 
formed the basis of my Masters thesis, which I received under the guidance of Dr K.W. 
Hilu (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA). 
The second talk reported the findings of a study which looked at the phylogenetic 
relationships of British, North American and European bracken using DNA sequences 
from two different chloroplast regions: rbcL-atpB and rps4. For both sets of sequences 
there was a very low number of variable sites, a finding which is consistent with the 
infraspecific treatment that these taxa are usually given. The rbcL-atpB region has been 
found in previous studies to separate individual pteridophyte species and even to 
distinguish between northern and southern hemisphere Pteridium. However, the level 
of variation was sufficiently low that this region was of no use in distinguishing the 
northern hemisphere taxa included in this study. In contrast, the rps4 region was 
sufficiently variable to distinguish taxa. The common British variety aquilinwn I w Inch 
included P. aquilinum subsp. fulvum of Page and Mill) formed a distinct group, or 
clade. North American, Scottish (= P. pinetorum subsp. pinetorum of Page and Mill), 
Swedish and Russian latiusculum formed a distinct group as well, with the North 
American varieties pubescens and pseudocaudatum joining at the base of the clade. 
Both studies support Tryon's infraspecific treatment of these bracken taxa. 
The funds from the BPS were a tremendous help toward meeting my obligations to 
attend the conference. Again, I am most grateful. I would also like to take this 
opportunity to thank Dr Liz Sheffield (University of Manchester) for all that she did to 
make the trip both successful and enjoyable for me. 

W.D. Speer, Dept. Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322, USA 

ADIANTUM RADDIANUM 'Fritz LuthiV'Fritz Luthii'/'Fritz LutrT 

The RHS Advisory Panel on Nomenclature and Registration is seeking help in 
establishing the correct form of this varietal epithet. Can anyone help? Essentially this 
means is there anyone who can provide information on the surname of the individual 
after whom this plant is named? Was it Luth or Luthi? Ideally it would be helpful to 
know where and when the name was first published. If you have any information please 
contact the Panel secretary, Dr Alan Leslie, at RHS Garden, Wisley, Woking, Surrey 
GU23 6QB (Tel.: 01483 212327; e-mail: 



Once again I must report that I have not been able to produce another edition of the 
Newsletter. Several new members have expressed an interest in the group during the 
year and their names have been added to the list. I will do my best to get something out 
in the near future. Enquiries to: A.R. Busby, 16 Kirby Corner Road. Canley. Co\entr\ 
CV4 8GD. 


The Tree-Fern Group, which was started by Martin Rickard in 1995, is still in a 
formative stage, in the sense of not yet having held an actual meeting. Membership lias 
continued to grow during 1999 and is now over 30, with representation in the UK and 
other European countries, as well as in the United States, Hawaii and Australia. This 
dispersion of the membership may continue to frustrate any forseeable get-together, and 
perhaps the future lies in the use of the Internet, as more and more members gain access 
thereto. The main, indeed only, Group activity so far has been the preparation and 
distribution of an annual Newsletter, of which No. 6 should be ready before the end of 
1999. Meanwhile, news items on tree-ferns seem to be appearing with increasing 
frequency in the gardening and horticultural media, and also on the Internet, e.g. on the 
Fernet bulletin board and on various websites. The principal focus continues to be the 
cultivation and maintenance of tree-ferns away from their native lands, and the extent 
to which special habitats and winter protection may be required. 
Another development during 1999 was my receiving many requests for copies of Tree- 
Fern Newsletters from other than signed-up members of our Group. Most came from 
growers of palms, where the problems of frost-hardiness and winter protection have 
many parallels for tree-ferns. For the future, I see these horticultural questions about 
tree-ferns continuing to attract much attention. In addition, I would like to get into the 
areas of more secure tree-fern identification (especially of immature plants) and 
why/how it is that tree-ferns form trunks in the first place (and can the process be 
accelerated by growth hormones?). So far, the genus Blechnum has not figured in a 
Tree-Fern Newsletter, yet since several species of Blechnum are trunk-forming, their 
exclusion is an oversight. I invite contributions on this and any other tree-fern topic. 
Enquiries and contributions to Alastair C. Wardlaw, 92 Drymen Road, Bearsden, 
Glasgow G61 2SY. Please note my new e-mail address is: 


Unfortunately, due to other commitments, no Newsletter has been published this year. I 
hope to publish early in 2000. Anyone else interested in joining this group should 
contact Steve Munyard at 234 Harold Road, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 5NG. 


Congratulations to Alastair Wardlaw whose fern collection has been given full National 
Collection status by the NCCPG. Alastair's National Collection of British Ferns 
comprises 45 species and 90 subspecies and cultivars. The only British species that he 
does not have are Cystopteris montana, Ophioglossum azoricum and O. lusitanicum. 

J.M. Ide 


Members will remember that we circulated a request for ferns to be given to His Royal 
Highness The Prince of Wales on the occasion of his fiftieth birthday. The momentous 
birthday was in November 1 998 but by the nature of organising a gift from quite a few 
members, the ferns were not gathered together until the spring of 1999, a good season 
for delivery. The collection included many rare and uncommon cultivars including: 
large trunked specimens of Dicksonia antarctica, D. fibrosa and Cyathea australis. 
Ground ferns included Polypodium australe 'Whilharris', Polystichum setiferum 'Mrs 
Goffey', 'Gracillimum', 'Hirondelle', 'Plumoso-divisilobum Bland', 'Cristato- 
pinnulum', 'Plumosum Bevis', Athyrium filix-femina (Plumosum group), Phegopteris 
hexagonoptera and Woodwardia martinezii. The collection even included Leptopteris 
superba, The Prince of Wales feather, sent over especially from Australia by Chris 
Goudey! In total there were 51 different taxa in the gift with some plants supplied in 

er on the 22nd of April and helped plant some of the tree- 
: potted up and held over for planting out in the autumn. 
While I was there, the Prince came out and chatted for what seemed a few minutes but 
was apparently nearer half an hour. He is an extremely busy man and I really 
appreciated the chance to chat. It's obvious that he really loves his ferns. I have 
subsequently heard that he remarks to David Howard, the Head Gardener, "I see there's 
a new frond on that one" etc. ! 

The garden at Highgrove is developing rapidly. In addition to the Stumpery and Wall 
of Gifts, mentioned in last year's Bulletin, the Prince is now installing a 'Fern 
Pyramid'. This is being designed by the same people and should be set up very shortly 
(autumn 1999). I cannot quite imagine what this will be like but if it is like the other 
fern-based features it will be wonderful. Our collection of ferns will almost certainly 
not be used in the pyramid, rather they will be used to supplement the other plantings 
and start a new fern area in what I believe is called the azalea garden. This garden is a 
long, narrow, walled area adjacent to the vegetable garden. It is shady and will benefit 
from a substantial fern planting - I look forward to seeing it when it is completed. 
In the note I wrote last year I did not give details of the decorations in the Orchard 
Room at Highgrove at the Prince's private birthday party on the 14th of November. 
Apparently each table was decorated with a mini-stumpery, with a Dicksonia antarctica 
as the centre piece. Each tree-fern had a trunk from four to ten feet tall. I know, I hired 
the plants for the occasion! Included in each 'stumpery' were a lot of ground ferns, 
predominantly polypodiums as they were at their best in the autumn. Unfortunately, I 
did not see the end result but by all accounts it was a fantastic sight. The decorations 
were a surprise for the Prince planned by his friends and staff; his love of ferns is 
obviously well known in the royal household! 

Martin Rickard 


for the c 

The above code has been published this year by the Botanical Society of the British 
Isles. For those BPS members who are not also BSBI members, the main points relatirn; 
to pteridophytes are outlined here. Members are urged to follow these guidelines 
Although the information provided here relates only to the British Isles, similar 
legislation exists abroad. Members are urged to follow the same standards abroad as 
they do at home, and always to act within local legislation. 

Copies of the full text are available from the BSBI at The Natural History Museum. 
Legal protection 

All wild plants are protected by law in the United Kingdom. Under the Wildlife and 
Countryside Act 1981, it is illegal to uproot any plant without permission from the 
landowner or occupier. Similar protection is given to plants in Northern Ireland under 
the Wildlife (Northern Ireland) Order, 1985. Furthermore, many nature reserves, 
including National Trust land, have bylaws in force making it illegal to pick, uproot or 
remove plants. Several of our rarest plants are specifically protected under Schedule 8 
of the Wildlife and Countryside Act against intentional picking, uprooting and 
destruction, unless damage is a result of a lawful activity and could not reasonablj have 

The pteridophytes listed on Schedule 8 are Cystopteris dickieana, Equisetum 
man, Ophioglossum lusita- ;u',iosun\ (ineludiiiL: its 

gametophytic form), Woodsia alpina and W. ilvensis. In Northern Ireland 
Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Lycopodiella inundata, Pilularia globulifera, Polxstichum 
'">.'. hitis and Tin //« ■manes speciosum are similarly protected. In the Republic of Ireland 
the following pteridophytes are specifically listed: Asplenium obovatum, 
A. septentrionale, Cryptogramma crispa. Gynmocarpium robertianum, Pilularia 
globulifera and Trichomanes speciosum. 
Responsible conduct 

Collecting small amounts of plant material for private study, research or as voucher 
specimens is usually acceptable, except in the case of protected or rare species. 
However, no collecting of any plant material should be undertaken on a nature reserve 
or protected site without first obtaining permission, and in no circumstances should the 
bulk of a population be collected. 
Habitat conservation 

Rare plants are often rare because they require specific conditions, and unintentional 
damage to their habitats can easily occur. A particular threat is soil compaction. Should 
you visit a rare plant then please avoid doing anything which will alter the site 
conditions, such as disturbing the surrounding vegetation for photographic purposes, or 
excessive trampling of surrounding vegetation. 
Introducing plants to the wild 

It is an offence to introduce certain plant species into the wild. However, none of the 
listed species are ferns. Nevertheless, non-native plants should never be introduced into 
the wild, and one fern, Azolla, is now becoming a pest on some nature reserves in SE 

KENNETH W.H. ADLAM 1912 - 1999 

Kenneth did not join the Society until 1969 and he attended few meetings, with the 
exception of regional meetings organised by Mary Potts. He was nevertheless a 
committed member and an important part of the recent history of fern growing. He 
closely followed the Society, avidly reading the journals, collected fern books, but 
above all he collected ferns, building his collection into the National Collection of 
hardy ferns for the NCCPG. 

Kenneth's parents were keen on ferns, particularly his mother, but sadly they do not 
seem to have joined the Society. They lived in the Reading district and it is tempting to 
think that they may have been in touch with those two local pre-war stalwarts of the 
Society, T.E. Henwood and Dr F.W. Stansfield. Also of course they would have had 
Taylors nursery, which specialised in ferns, on their doorstep. Kenneth was therefore 
brought up in a somewhat ferny environment. Although I don't think he grew on any of 
his parents' plants. 

His working life was extremely full. For many years he was in India; initially he worked 
in research for Brooke Bond teas, eventually becoming a director. When war broke out 
he had to move into the services, spending his time in the navy and eventually serving 
as a Lieutenant Commander on a mine-sweeper between Burma and India. After the 
war he returned to India, this time to the south, in Mysore, where he ran his own coffee 
estate pioneering 'Robusta' coffee. By now he was married to Dolsheen who hankered 
after Ireland, so in 1952 the family moved to County Wicklow, but Kenneth could not 
settle and the next year they moved back to England near Henley and bought William 
Smiths, the secondhand bookshop in Reading. I remember buying George Eberle's 
book on central European ferns from Kenneth's shop back in the late 1960s, although I 
do not think I met Kenneth, but imagine my amusement to discover several years later 
that Kenneth had not got a copy! 

During his time in Reading Kenneth diversified into selling new books on university 
campuses in association with Blackwells. He met Henry Schollick, a future Society 
President, who was a director of Blackwells and the 
Henry was the catalyst who persuaded Kenneth to join the Society. 
In due course Kenneth retired to central Devon and set up a wonderful garden at 
Witheridge where he entertained south-west members on several occasions. This was a 
huge garden and subsequently he had to 'down size', so he and Dolsheen moved to 
Kings Gatchell near Ottery St Mary. Here Kenneth set about building up one of the 
most incredible gardens I have ever seen. He collected ferns avidly, and I think they 
were his favourite group of plants, but his tastes were wide and the range of plants in 
the garden covered alpines to hollies and just about everything in between. The garden 
was frequently open for the National Gardens Scheme and became very well known. 
The crowning glory was probably the appearance of John Kelly's book Ferns in your 
garden in 1991. It was dedicated to Kenneth and Dolsheen and featured many 
photographs of their garden. 

I will always remember the warm welcome given to visitors to Kings Gatchell. Kenneth 
loved to show visitors the garden and argue over the names of many of his plants, while 
Dolsheen would get the tea ready and make a fuss of any babies amongst the visitors! 
They were wonderful hosts. On occasions he joined me in the field hunting fern 

varieties; he loved our trip to Chudleigh Rocks south west of Exeter, where we found 
some good Semilacerum forms of Polypodium oust rale. 

Dolsheen died a few years ago and since then Kenneth had lived on his own. 
maintaining the National Collection and the National Garden Scheme openings up to 
the end. He was very lucky to have two BPS members, Brian and Rosemary ^Norton. 
living at the end of his garden, and they kept an eye on him. It is their garden that is 
featured on the dust jacket of John Kelly's book. 

A few weeks before his death Kenneth rang me up and asked if I would like his ferns. 
Of course I said yes. I asked if I would need a van or if the car would do and Kenneth 
assured me the car would have ample space. Pity I listened! I only got a fraction of his 
plants, a large number are still in the garden and they will hopefully thrive there for 
many, many years. 

I am indebted to Rosemary Pannel, Kenneth's daughter for kindly supplying me with 
much of the background information given here. 

Martin Rickard 


Bayerischer Wald and Bohmerwald, SE Germany/Czech Republic - 

29 August - 3 September Patrick Acock 

Karsten Horn of the Staatliches Museum, Karlsruhe, organised this splendid meeting in 

Bavaria. Numbers attending this year were a little lower than we normally expect but 

were supplemented by a few of Karsten's friends and colleagues, all of whom were 

excellent botanists and very patient tutors. Pteridologists came from Germany, France. 

Belgium, Holland, Italy and the UK. Our guest this year was Daniela Dorin. from 

Romania, who had spent a year studying with Ronnie Viane in Gent. 

The region is characterised by its wetness but we were fairly fortunate as we looked at 

the forest, montane, heathland and serpentine plant communities on both sides of the 

border. Amongst the plants of interest we were able to look at three diphasiastnims and 

their three hybrids, as well as Athyrium x reichsteinii. Asplemum mhilrcrinum and 

A. cuneifolium. 

In the evening when we had been pulled from the dining table we were treated to 

lectures on 'Ceterach' and The Ferns of the Island of Goa' by Ronnie Viane and The 

Flora and Vegetation of Malesia' by Hans v Nooteboom. 

The excellent organisation of both the field excursions and the lectures, plus the idyllic 

setting coupled with the very comfortable accommodation were a real credit to Karsten, 

his father Manfred and his friends. 

Next year's GEP excursion will probably be held in Slovenia. If you would like to 

participate or would like to receive other information about the GEP, please contact 

Dr R. Viane, Dept. of Morphology, Systematics and Ecology, Section: Pteridology, 

K.L. Ledeganckstr. 35, B-9000 Belgium. 

E-mail: Tel. & Fax: +32-9-2645057. 


new members 1999; ** new members 2000; # members rejoined 1999 
Archer, Mr R.C., P.O. Box 43036, Louisville, Kentucky 40253-0036, USA 
Arduino, Dr P., Dept. Environmental Science I rmersiui del la luscia, Via San Camillo de 

Lellis, Blocco, D, Viterbo, I - 01100, Italy 
Atkins, Mr R.S., 4 Garden Walk, Edmond Castle, Corby Hill, Carlisle, Cumbria CA4 8QD 
Atkinson, Mr P., P.O. Box 14, Heckmondwike, West Yorks. WF16 OXQ 
! Basil, Mrs J., 14 Royden Lane, Boldre, Hants. S041 8PE 

Botanical Gardens, Attn. Mr Donald Murray (Curator), Westbourne Road, 
Edgbaston. Bii adsB15 3TR 

M>. Germany 
Chinnery, Dr L.E., Dept.of Biological & Chen l il v ences I ni'versity of the West Indies, 
POB 64, Bridgetown, Barbados 
' Clayton, Mr H.G., 2 The Dene, Nettleham, Lincoln, Lines. LN2 2LS 

;n, Miss A., The Bothy', Belton Gai lam, Lines. NG32 2LN 

c Cordeaux, Mrs H.M.C., Rose Cottage, Kelling, Holt. V folkNR25 i 
"ox, Mr S.J., c/o Database Development, Mailcom PLC, Snowdon Drive, Milton Keynes, 
Bucks. MK6 1HQ 
: Crawford, Mr N.D., 2 Vernal Vale, Greenmount, Western Australia 6056, Australia 
Cridland, Dr N.A.. 7 Isis Close. Long Hanborongh. Witney. Oxon. OX8 8JN 
Dennison, Mr J.A., Ballyculhane, Kildimo, Co. Limerick, Eire 
: Descloux, Mrs I mdolph, New Jersey 07869-4564, USA 

Dines, Dr T.D., Rhyd y Fuwch, Bethel, Caernarfon, Gwynedd LL55 3PS, Wales 
Drent, Mr L.H.< q, 6627 AP, Netherlands 

Ehlers, Mr J., Sundgauallee 110/18, Freiburg, D-79110, Germany 
Evans, Mrs A.J., Springfield House, Salterforth Road, Earby, Lanes. BB18 6NE 
Flanagan, Dr D.I., 5 Poplar Terrace, Marking > ks. HG3 3NN 

Game, Mr M.T., 43 Aubrey Road, Walthamstow, London E17 4SL 
(iias. Mr M.. 77 Hatimbag (2nd Floor), Unit 3, Badurlatka, Shibgonj, Sylhet, Bangladesh 

3100, Bangladesh 
Gibbon, Mr D.C., 'Ferndene', 6 St Johns Tee., Ambleside Rd, Keswick, Cumbria CA12 4DP 
Haigh, Miss A.L.. 50, Grove Lane, London SE5 8ST 

Harbison, Mr J., 53 Tyson Drive, Fair Haven, New Jersey 07704-3036, USA 
Hardy, Mr R.M., 18 Beechdene Grove, Erdington, Birmingham, B23 5SN 
Helm. Mrs S.J., Lime Tree House, High Street, Bampton, Oxon. OX18 2JN 
Hicks, Mr J.A., The Walnuts, 38 North Trade Road, Battle, East Sussex TN33 0HU 
. Lanes. PR2 5JT 
Ufoltern a. V 8910, Switzerland 
Horwood, Ms E. & Mr D., 928 Alma Place, Oakland, California 94610-2504, USA 
c Barnham Broom, Norwich, Norfolk NR9 4DF 
: *Hunter, Mr K.. 7 ( edai Crescent I irmskirk. I ancs L39 3NT 
Johnson, Mr N.A., 21 Llewellyn Way. W< ... N. Somerset BS22 7QF 

King, Mr D. & Mrs A.I., Gogar Mount House, 185 Glasg, 

Lewis, XL s S., Macs j 1 > . Sir Gar SA18 1Y U, Wales 

Lubteoskl, Mr M., Krockhausstrasse 81, 44797 Bochum, Germany 

Maddison. Mrs C.J. & Mr D.J., Homewood, Radfall Ride Kent CT5 3EW 

Martin, Mrs M., 207 Broadway, Peterborough, Cambs. PE1 4DS 
I its. RG21 
' L.,4714AmerahamG nil. USA 

at Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd LL30 2QA, Wales 
ats. S053 1FH 
Mr D.W., Shaw Bank, Naddlc. kesu ,1 < umbna CAI24TF 
Miyazaki, Mr H., Matsuyama 73, Jimokuji-chyo, Ama-gun, Aichi-Ken 490-1 1 11, Japan 
Neal. Mrs J.. LKvneeKn. Gl.,.- : > SSS, Wales 

Norfield, Mr A.i , %m , 4 , ,,, ; . M , N(>s , NG< Wales 

Ollerenshaw, Mr B.M., 'Wyldacre', West Park, Hyde, Cheshire SK14 5EW 
Pavela, Mr R.. Vm 6, 161 06, Czech Republic 

Perry, Mr S.J.P., 9 Amprey Way, Wallington, Surrey SM6 9NE 
Plant, Mr S.W., 1 Pinfield Drive, Barnt Green. Birmingham B45 8XA 
Podaras, Mr P., 3002 Holly Hill Road, Hendersonville, NC 28791, USA 

id. Mr J.P.. 305 Dickson Road. Blackpool, Lanes. FY I 2JL 
s, Mrs R.A.. 16 Cherry Orchard, Old Wives Lees, Canterbury. Kent CT4 8BQ 
).DrJ., seer M \mbienle. Sao Paul... Sao Paulo CI |>n|0M o~i.. p,,,,,, 
' Punter. J.C.. Plot 58, Shere Pretoria, P.O. Box 71722. Die Wiheers. Gautem: 41 . South \!iu. 
Ranker. DrT., University Museum. Campus Box 350. Boulder. Colorado 80309-0150 USA 

Beds, Yorks. LSI 3 1EU 
Robson, Mr G. & Mrs S., 11 West Street, Wigton. Cumbria CA7 9NP 
Russ. Mr B.F.. 9 Crosshall Brow, Westhead, Lanes. L40 6JD 
Saunders, Mr G.M. & Mrs D.E., 4 Park I ibaroueb \shlord Kent 

TN24 0JX "* 

Savage. Mr S.R.B., Church Farm, Wrockwardine. Weilm-ton. leltord. Shropshire TF6 5DG 
Schout, Mr M., Pr. Beatrixstraat 17, 4311 BT Bruinisse, Netherlands 
Series, I k H.G.. 208 Banbury Road, Oxford, Oxon. OX2 7BY 
Skelly, Ms S., No 2, Rock Cottages, 118 St John's Road. Buxton. Derbys. SKI 7 6UR 

S.J.. Old Cottage. 47 Old Road. Watemighuiy. Kent MH18 5PL 
Spnneeti. Mr M .. Goldens Barn. Braintree Road. Wethersfield. Braintree, Essex CM7 4AD 
Stevenson. Mrs R., Willow Cottage, Cowlinge, Newmarket. Suffolk CBS 9QB 
Su.kles. M, \. \ Mrs S.M tM Bauiale Road. Darlington. Durham DL3 8JT 
Sullivan, Mrs L. & Mr W.F.. r k heath. London SE3 8EH 

Surman- Wells. Mrs \ (1 ins WcMfield Lane, St Leonards-On-Sea. East Sussex TN37 7NQ 

I !.M . I 59 West End Lane, London NW6 2LG 
Taylor, Mr M.G., 30 Beatrice Street, Kempston, Bedford MK42 8AE 
Ilu'inpson. Mi R.. 15 Fin, n . Cheshire WA 15 9RE 

Thomson. Mr i K l. RR4 Caledon East, Ontario LON 1EO. Canada 

fonge, Mrs( m Bucks. MK18 3DU 

Tuulik,MrT, Utukula Kama Hiiumaa 92 101. Estonia 
Vernon, Mr W., Tithe Farm, Church End, North Somercotes, Louth, lanes. LN11 7PZ 

I .( i . . 1 1 Deerness View, East Hedleyhope, Bisb m DL13 4PU 

Webb, Mr P.. 60 i Cnn< ley, Wesl Sussex RH10 3AE 

Weedon, Mr G., 11B Princess Parade, Crofton I .vUN m m . Kent BR6 8NP 

id DT3 6DP 
Woodier, Mr R„ Tyn-y-Cefn, Dolwen, Ffestiniog, Gwynedd LL41 4BW, Wales 
Yeung, Dr D.K.W., Flat F, 15th Floor, Block 6, Grand Palisade, 8 Shan Yin Rd, Tai Po, Hong Kong 


Applebee, Mr B.J., Hat 5, The Newlands, 148 Shilton Road, Barwell, Leics. LE9 8BN 

Bndges, Miss K.M.. 9 Westcroft Road, Burnage. Manchester M19 1SU 

Crabbe, Mr J. A., 167 Trinity Road, London SW17 7HL 

Davies, Dr J.D., Llwyn-y-Celyn, Llanwrda, Dyfed SA19 8EP, Wales 

Douglas, Mr B., 23 Parkfield Road, Willesden, London NW10 2BG 

Fillan, Mr M.S.. Tu< .mar Lane. Bere Alston, Devon PL20 7HN 

[rs D.. 43 Queensberry Avenue, Hartlepool, Cleveland TS26 9NW 
Gill, Mrs A.V., Dalemoor, 1 9 Bat »rks. LS29 0RA 

Godfrey, Mr M.F.. 1 1 Cordingley Close. Chin 
Jones. Mrs 1. 1.. P.O. Box 1090, Gold Bar, Washington 98251, USA 
Kenway, Mr J.J., The White Barns, Hagnal ston, Lines. PE22 8BX 

b), Attn. *A77356, Cosmoplaza 1-11-9. 

Marper, Mrs E.E briaCA7 9JR 

^D OK! ham (on..., Olmsteacl Green Castle! imps ( h,idgeCB16TW 
Murphy, Mr A.J., 143 Braybourne Close, Uxbridge, Middx. UB8 1UL 
Neuroth, Herrn R.N.. Mons-Tabor-Str. 19. Montabaur, D-56410, Germany 
Newbould, Mrs J.P, 26 Morestall Drive, Cirencester, Glos. GL7 1TF 
Nicholson, Mr B., 4 Exmouth Close, Hethersett, Norwich NR9 3LF 
NPK Landscapes. Attn. Dr K.C. Chambers. Grove Hill, Old Edinburgh Road, Minigaff, Newton 

Stewart DG8 6PL, Scotland 
Pretty, Mrs S.J., Redenek, Lambs Barn, Fowey. Cornwall PL23 1HQ 
^h-Ihumav Mr \ . (Hebe Conn. West Monks, n launton, Somerset TA2 8QT 
Richardson, Mr P.. $5 Waid • bs. CB6 2JR 

Rockett, Mr P.B., 9 Abbotts Way, Riverside. Bridgnorth, Shropshire WV16 4JZ 
Walker, Mrs D., 48 Rekayi Tangwena Avenue, Winston Park, Marondera, Zimbabwe 
Weiss, Dr W, Botanischer Garten, Loschgestr.3, Erlangen, D-91054, Germany 


Meetings Secretary: P.J. Acock 

. Hards, J.M. Ide, A. Leonard, P.H. Ripley, 

sion - New Zealand 

North and South Islands, New Zealand 

Spring Indoor Meeting & AGM - 

~ aPhj - 

RBG Kew 

ri \ sic Garden 

Day Visit - RHS, Wisley 

Location: RHS Gardens, Wisley, Surrey 
Leaders: Mike Grant & Pat Acock 

Sat. 29 - Sun. 30 July 
Thurs. 17 -Sat. 19 Aug. 
Sat. 19 -Sun. 20 Aug. 
Sat. 16 -Sun. 17 Sept. 
March 2001 

Day Indoor Meeting & Fern Show - Coventry 

Location: Warwick University, Dept. of Scienc 
Education, Canley, Coventry 

Further Info.: Matt Bash\ 


Mid Cornwall 

International Symposium, Guildford 

Southern Lakes 

For further details of these and other n 

i the separate Meetings Programme s 


For details of additional meetings in the following areas, please contact the regional organisers, 

enclosing a stamped addressed envelope. 

Leeds & District B. Wright, 1 30 Prince Rupert Drive, Tockwith, York Y05 8PU 

England P.H. Ripley, North Lodge, Dene Park Gardens, Shipbourne Road, 

Tonbridge, Kent TNI 1 9NS 
i B.R. Stevenson, Willow Cottage, Cowlinge, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9QB 

t England Mrs M. Garstang, Overbeck, Pennybridge, Ulverston, Cumbria LA 12 7RQ 

Miss R.J. Murphy, Shangri-la, Reskadinnick. Camborne, Cornwall TR14 0BH 

REGINALD KAYE Lt 3 1753 00291 3033 
Silverdale, Lancashire LA5 OTY 

Stock a very comprehensive collection of 


Catalogue on request 


Honeybourne Road, Pebworth, nr Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire CV37 8XT 

Hardy and tender ferns 

Begonias, Gloxinias, Hederas, Hydrangeas, Primroses, Arum Lilies 

and plants for the cool greenhouse 

Catalogue on request 


Hardy and half hardy ferns 
Kyre Park, Tenbury Wells, Worcestershire WR15 8RP 

Please send stamped addressed envelope for list 


Specialising in North American and British hardy ferns 

Judith Jones 
1911 4th AvenueWest, Seattle, Washington 98119, USA 

Send two International Reply Coupons for catalogue 


The Fern Nursery, Grimsby Road, Binbrook, Lincolnshire LN3 6DH 

Please send stamped addressed envelope for list 


Specialist Fern Grower 
A wide range of hardy and greenhouse ferns, especially Adiantums 
Culag, Green Lane, Nafferton, nr Driffield, East Yorkshire Y025 OLF 

Send £1 for catalogue 


Oakington Road, Cottenham, Cambridge CB4 4TW 

Hardy British and foreign ferns 

(together with over 700 choice herbaceous and woody plants) 

Please send six first class stamps for catalogue